NEEDS AND POTENTIAL FOR RURAL YOUTH DEVELOPMENT IN LAO PDR

RAP PUBLICATION 2006/11

NEEDS AND POTENTIAL FOR RURAL YOUTH DEVELOPMENT IN LAO PDR

Anne Nielsen and Dr Vanhmany Chanhsomphou

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
Bangkok, 2006


The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Senior Extension, Education and Communications Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by e-mail to Malcolm.Hazelman@fao.org

© FAO 2003

Photo: FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

For copies write to: Malcolm Hazelman
  Senior Extension, Education and Communications Officer
  Sustainable Development Department Group
  FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
  Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
  Bangkok 10200, THAILAND
  Tel: (+66)2 697 4000
  Fax: (+66)2 697 4445
  E-mail: Malcolm.Hazelman@fao.org

Contents

Acknowledgements

Foreword

Executive summary

Acronyms

1. Introduction

2. Research methodology

Study limitations

Structure of the report.

3. National context

National development policies.

NGPES and youth issues.

Institutional setting.

Government ministries.

National organizations with a focus on rural youth.

International agencies and INGOs focusing on rural youth

Situation of rural youth

Rural youth and education

Rural youth and employment.

Rural youth and health

Conclusions

1a. Obstacles regarding rural youth and education.

1b. Opportunities regarding rural youth in education.

2a. Obstacles regarding rural youth and employment.

2b. Opportunities regarding rural youth and employment

3a. Obstacles regarding rural youth health

3b. Opportunities regarding rural youth health.

4. Village context in two provinces

The situation of rural youth in selected villages

Agencies and INGOs active in the two provinces of the study

5. Conclusions and recommendations

Policies.

Education.

Employment opportunities

Access to credit and funding.

Give rural youth a chance.

References

Annex 1: Field map of villages studied in Vientiane province

Annex 2: Field map of villages studied in Phongsaly province

Annex 3: Information summaries on Phongsaly and Vientiane provinces.

Annex 4: Rural youth-suggested activity plans

Annex 5: Conceptual schema on youth and family support

Annex 6: Problem tree for lack of funds

Annex 7: Problem tree for low education level

Annex 8: Problem tree for rice shortage

Annex 9: Problem tree for poor health

List of Figures

Figure 3.1: Map of Lao PDR

List of Tables

Table 2.1: Example of one methodological approach used during the village survey.

Table 2.2: Number of interviewed youth, by age and sex

Table 3.1: Age structure in Lao PDR.

Table 3.2: Access to primary and secondary schools

Table 3.3: Youth schooling.

Table 3.4: Awareness about contraceptive methods, HIV/AIDS and STDs

Table 4.1: Village school attendance in secondary and university education.

Table 4.2: INGOs operating in Phonhon district, Vientiane province.