Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific 2006

RAP PUBLICATION 2006/22

Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific 2006

Robin Lungren, Derek Staples, Simon Funge-Smith & Jesper Clausen
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok, 2006


The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Secretary, Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by E-mail to fao.rap@fao.org.

© FAO 2006

For copies please write to: The Secretary
Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4119
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: fao.rap@fao.org

Table of contents

FOREWORD

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF THIS REVIEW

1. CONTRIBUTIONS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION

1.1 Contribution to national economies

1.2 Contribution to poverty alleviation and food security

2. PRODUCTION TRENDS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

2.1 Capture fisheries production in the Asia-Pacific region

2.2 aquaculture production in the asia-pacific region

2.3 Status and trends by subregions

3. STATUS OF RESOURCES

MARINE WATERS

3.1 Assessing the status of fishery resources

3.2 Evidence from stock assessments

3.3 Evidence from historic trawl surveys

3.4 Evidence from large marine ecosystems

3.5 Evidence from fisher's perceptions

INLAND WATERS

3.6 Water resources

3.7 Fishery resources

4. STATUS OF AQUACULTURE

4.1 Carnivorous species or species requiring higher production inputs

4.2 Finfish requiring lower inputs

4.3 Crustaceans

4.4 Molluscs

4.5 Aquatic plants

4.6 Reptiles and amphibians

4.7 Niche aquaculture species

5. SELECTED ISSUES FACING FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

5.1 Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) in the Asia-Pacific region

5.2 Seafood quality and safety in the context of trade

6. OUTLOOK FOR FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

6.1 Global and regional predictions

6.2 Unexploited fisheries

6.3 Small-scale fisheries

6.4 aquaculture

Tables

Table 1. Contribution of capture fisheries and aquaculture to GDP (2004)

Table 2. Top five trading States in 2004 (World) .

Table 3. Top ten seafood trading States in 2004 (APFIC region) .

Table 4. Estimates of low value/trash fish production in Asia-Pacific (tonnes)

Table 5. Top twenty capture production .

Table 6. Top ten aquaculture producers States in (2004)

Table 7. Top twenty cultured species in Asia-Pacific region by quantity

Table 8. South Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species

Table 9. Southeast Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species

Table 10. China capture fisheries production, top ten species .

Table 11. Unidentified capture production in China

Table 12. Other Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species

Table 13. Oceania capture fisheries production, top ten species .

Table 14. Summary of stock assessments in selected APFIC countries

Table 15. Comparison of catch, revenues, costs and profits

Table 16. The large marine ecosystems of the Asia-Pacific .

Table 17. Status of tuna species in the Western and Central Pacific and in the Indian Ocean .

Table 18. Aquaculture production reported under "marine finfish nei"

Table 19. Tilapia top eight producer States (2004)

Table 20. Countries exporting tilapia (2004)

Table 21. Carps and barbs top ten producer States (2004)

Table 22. Milkfish top four producer States (2004)

Table 23. Penaeid Shrimp to ten producer States (2004)

Table 24. Freshwater prawn top eight producer States (2004) .

Table 25. Lower value molluscs top ten producer (2002)

Table 26. Higher value molluscs top ten producer (2002)

Table 27. Aquatic plants top ten producer States (2004) .

Table 28. Aquatic plants top ten cultured species (2004)

Table 29. Niche aquaculture species (2004)

Table 30. Number of rejections at the border of EU from 1999-2002 .

Figures

Figure 1. Net exporters and net importers in the APFIC region.

Figure 2. Trends in global capture production

Figure 3. Trends in capture production by sub-region outside China .

Figure 4. Trends in capture production by species group outside China.

Figure 5. Trends in global aquaculture production.

Figure 6. Trends in aquaculture production of the Asia-Pacific region by environment

Figure 7. Trends in capture production of South Asia by environment

Figure 8. Capture production of South Asia by major species groups .

Figure 9. Trends in aquaculture production of South Asia by major species groups

Figure 10. Aquaculture production of major species in South Asia.

Figure 11. Trends in capture production of Southeast Asia by environment.

Figure 12. Capture production of Southeast Asia by major species groups .

Figure 13. Aquaculture production of Southeast Asia: proportion of major species groups

Figure 14. Trends in aquaculture production of Southeast Asia by major species groups

Figure 15. Trends in capture production of China by environment .

Figure 16. Capture production of China by major species groups

Figure 17. Trends in aquaculture production of China by environment

Figure 18. Trends in top eight cultured species in China

Figure 19. Trends in major cultured carnivorous species production in China

Figure 20. Trends in capture production of other Asia by environment

Figure 21. Capture production of other Asia by major species groups .

Figure 22. Aquaculture production of other Asia: proportion of major species groups

Figure 23. Trends in aquaculture production of other Asia by major species groups

Figure 24. Trends in capture production of Oceania by environment .

Figure 25. Capture production of Oceania by major species groups

Figure 26. Trawl surveys in the Asian region

Figure 27. Declines in the abundance of fish.

Figure 28. Changes in the composition of the top ten species

Figure 29. Mean trophic level index for the Kuroshio Current LME

Figure 30. Mean trophic level index for the Yellow Sea LME.

Figure 31. Mean trophic level index for the Bay of Bengal LME

Figure 32. Mean trophic level index for the Southeast Australia LME .

Figure 33. Trend in reporting by species for marine fishes in China PR

Figure 34. Asia-Pacifc region showing the high seas areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and national Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) and Territorial Seas