Rural women in Sri Lanka s post-conflict rural economy

RAP PUBLICATION 2006/13

Rural women in Sri Lanka s post-conflict rural economy

Leelangi Wanasundera
Centre for Women s Research Sri Lanka

Centre for Women s Research Sri Lanka

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok, Thailand


The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, terriorty, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to Revathi Balakrishnan Senior Officer, Gender and Diversity, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by e-mail to Revathi.Balakrishnan@fao.org.

© FAO 2006

ISBN: 974-7946-87-4

Editorial Support:
Ms. Mary Rhodes
USA

Cover Photo:
FAO/17030/G. Bizzarri

The research was undertaken and narrative was developed by Dr. Leelangi Wanasundera at CENWOR in Colombo, Sri Lanka and thus the content of publication reflects the national perspectives in analysis and conclusion as well as recommendations.

For copies write to: Ms. Revathi Balakrishnan
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax:(+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: Revathi.Balakrishnan@fao.org
or
Ms. Leelangi Wanasundera
cenwor@slt.lk

Table of contents

Foreword

Abbreviations and acronyms

Conflict and women’s status in the North and East of Sri Lanka

Study objectives and methodology

Livelihood and poverty conditions in the conflict region

Industry

Poverty

Rural women and livelihood activities

Social realities of rural women in the conflict region

Rehabilitation of agriculture and the rural sector in the Nothth East

Agriculture, fisheries, livestock

Policies

NEP agricultural development strategy

External assistance

NGO contributions

Needs’ assessments, gender considerations and women’s needs

Recommendations for gender responsive policies and programmes

Implementation and performance for gender responsive rehabilitation

Implementation effectiveness and limitations

Performance limitations

Recommendations to ensure gender responsive rehabilitation

Rural women’s access to resources and assets in the conflict region

Assets and resources

Access to common property resources

Water

Wages

Credit

Access to markets and market information

Access to infrastructure and services

Institutions

Farmer organisations/women’s organisations

Training

Policies and programmes

Macro policies

Commercialisation of agriculture

Taxation

Project implementation

Listening to the people

Livelihood options

Gender and women in rehabilitation

Gender mainstreaming

Female headed households, widows and ageing

Inclusion of all women

Data

Indicators

Conclusion and recommendations

Recommendations

Gender mainstreaming

Capacity building of Madar Sangams (Women’s rural development societies)

Agriculture

Non-farm employment, skill development

Health and nutrition

Epilogue

References