LinKS project
gender, biodiversity and local knowledge
systems for food security


The Impact of HIV/AIDS and Drought on Local Knowledge Systems for Agrobiodiversity and Food Security

Supported by FAO-LinKS Swaziland

Zakhe Hlanze, Thanky Gama, Sibusiso Mondlane

Report no 50

July 2005


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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table of contents

Table of Contents


Executive Summary

Chapter 1 - Introduction

11 Country Background

12 HIV/AIDS in Swaziland

13 Rural Livelihoods and Food Security

14 HIV/AIDS and Food Security

15 Local Knowledge, Agro-biodiversity and Food Security

16 Justification

17 Specific Objectives

Chapter 2 - Methodology

211 Livelihoods Approach

212 Gender and Development

213 Cultural/Indigenous Perspective

22 Consultation Process

23 Sampling and Site Selection

24 Research Guide

25 Data Collection and Analysis

26 Difficulties Encountered and Limitations

Chapter 3 - Findings

30 Local Knowledge and Agro-biodiversity for Food Security

31 Local Knowledge and Experience in Crop Production

311 Local Knowledge on Production Systems

312 Impact of Drought on Crop Production

313 Impact of HIV/AIDS on Crop Production

32 Local Knowledge and Livestock Production

321 Impact of Drought on Livestock Production

322 Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livestock Production

33 Local Knowledge and Natural Environment

331 Impact of Drought on Natural Resources

332 Impact of HIV/AIDS on Natural Resources

34 Local Knowledge and Technologies

341 Impact of the Drought on Technology

342 Impact of HIV/AIDS on Technology

35 Local Knowledge and Cultural Practices

36 Gender Dimensions of the Impact of HIV/AIDS

361 Vulnerability

362 Gender Roles

363 Division of Labour

364 Home Based Care

365 Ownership and control over resources

37 Effects of HIV/AIDS and Drought on Food Security

371 Livelihood Analysis of the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Food Security

372 Impact of HIV/AIDS on Nutritional Status

373 The Impact of Drought on Nutritional Status

38 Mitigation and Coping Strategies against the Impact of HIV/AIDS and Drought

381 Mitigating Strategies

382 Non agricultural initiatives

383 Food Relief

384 Coping Strategies

3841 Coping Strategies relating to HIV/AIDS

3842 Coping Strategies Relating to Drought

Chapter 4 - Conclusions and Recommendations

41 Conclusions

42 Recommendations

421 Human Capital

4211 Labour Shortages

4212 Skills and Knowledge

4213 Nutrition

423 Financial Capital

424 Social Capital

425 Gender Inequality


APPENDIX 1 - Tables

APPENDIX 2 - Questionnaire Guide

APPENDIX 3 - Report Back Meetings

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