Small ruminant production and the small ruminant genetic resource in tropical Africa

FAO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH PAPER 88


Small ruminant production and the small ruminant genetic resource in tropical Africa

by
R. Trevor Wilson
Bartridge Partners
Umberleigh
North Devon, UK

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 1991


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The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-11
ISBN 92-5-102998-9

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission on the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the Publications Division, Food and Agriculture, Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

.FAO 1991

CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

AVANT PROPOS

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION AND ACKWOWLEDGEMENT

 

PART ONE: INTRODUCTION
[Part1:; Part 2:; Part 3:]

DESCENT AND DOMESTICATION OF GOATS AND SHEEP

SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TROPICAL AFRICA

Distribution and Importance of Goats and Sheep

Ratios of goats to sheep

Density

Numbers of goats and sheep per person

Small ruminants as a proportion of all domestic ruminants

Production Systems

Ecological zones

Livestock production systems

Management

General practices

Ownership patterns

Flock structures

ADAPTATION AND INTEGRATION OF SMALL RUMINANTS IN AFRICAN SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION

Utilization of Resources

Contribution to Man's Well Being

The Small Ruminant Genetic Resource

Goats

Sheep

 

PART TWO: SMALL RUMINANT TYPES/GOATS
[ Part1:; Part 2:; Part 3:]

LARGE GOATS

Boer

Pafuri

Tswana

Swazi

Ndebele

Landim

Nubian

Sudan Desert

West African Long-legged

SMALL GOATS
[
Part 1:; Part 2:]

Red Sokoto

Afar

Mubende

Kigezi

Boran

Masai

Rwanda and Burundi

Malawi

Zimbabwe

DWARF GOATS

West African Dwarf

EXOTIC GOATS

Angora

 

PART THREE: SMALL RUMINANT TYPES/SHEEP

[Part1:; Part 2:; Part 3:; Part 4:]

THIN-TAILED SHEEP

Sudan Desert

Macina

Black Maure

Touabire

Peul-Peul

Toronké

Touareg

Ara Ara

Uda

Balami

Yankasa

Mossi

Vogan

Djallonké

FAT-TAILED SHEEP
[Part1:; Part 2:]

Afar

Ethiopian Highland

Red Masai

East African Blackheaded

Rwanda and Burundi

Tswana

Swazi

Landim

Sabi

FAT-RUMPED SHEEP
[Part1:Part 2:]

Blackhead Persian

Dorper

EXOTIC SHEEP

Karakul

Merino

 

PART FOUR: REFERENCES

FAO TECHNICAL PAPERS

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