Inland fisheries of Europe

William A. Dill
730 North Campus Way
Davis, California 95616

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-102999-7

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Dill, W.A.
Inland fisheries of Europe
EIFAC Technical Paper. No. 52. Rome, FAO. 1990. 471 p.
This document presents a summary of the geographical, historical, technical and institutional infrastructure of inland fisheries in European countries set out to standardize format for ease of comparison.


This document has been prepared in response to the recommendations of the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EIFAC) to present a synthesis of the state of inland fisheries in Europe. The individual summaries were prepared by the author, working in collaboration with the national authorities. Every attempt has been made to keep the document as up-to-date as possible, but changes in technical and political spheres in European life are proceeding at such a rate as to lead inevitably to some reducing of material.

The present document includes material from 22 European countries, and a second volume will be issued as and when summaries for the remaining countries become available.


FAO Fisheries Department
FAO Regional Fisheries Officers
Directors of Fisheries
EIFAC Mailing List


I am particularly grateful to Dr R.L. Welcomme, Chief, Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service of the Fishery Resources and Environmental Division, and present Secretary of EIFAC, and Mr J.–L. Gaudet, former Secretary of EIFAC, and now Senior Fishery Planning Officer of the Fisheries Department of FAO, for their inception of this review, aid in obtaining information from official contacts in the countries treated, and patience during the years the review was prepared.

Other members or former members of the fisheries Department of FAO who have been helpful are: Mr E.F. Akyuz, former Director, Computer Services Centre; Mr L.P.D. Gertenbach, former Senior Fishery Statistician and long-time editor of the FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics; Mr M.A. Robinson, Senior Fishery Statistician and current editor of the Yearbook; Mr G. de Manicor, Analyst Programmer; Dr D. Charbonnier, formerly Fishery Liaison Officer, and former Secretary of EIFAC and the General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean (GFCM); Mr M. Pedini, Fisheries Officer, Aquaculture, Investment Centre; and two officers of the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service: Senior Fishery Resources Officers, Drs A.G. Coche and J. Kapetsky. Ms C. Cuerden, former Librarian of the FAO Fishery Branch Library, has assisted in obtaining literature, and Miss G.A. Soave, former Documentation Clerk, has checked references. Mrs E. Ronchetti and Mrs. J. Valetta, also of the Fisheries Department typed the first draft. Mrs R. Sola has followed the manuscript independently from the typing of the second draft and finalization.

Three other individuals within FAO who have facilitated the search for literature: Mr K. Harada, former Chief Librarian, Library and Documentation Services, David Lubin Memorial Library; Mrs G. Gerosa-Testa, Librarian, Statistics Branch Library; and Mr G.K.F. Moore, Legal Counsel, Legal Office.

Thanks are also extended to the EIFAC National Correspondents or their designees whose response to queries from the Secretariat of EIFAC concerning the inland fisheries of their countries helped prepare this review. Some of the Correspondents remained anonymous; their aid cannot be recorded. Others, acting in another capacity, but providing specific data on the waters or fisheries of the country indicated, are included among the “Correspondents”. They follow: Drs E. Kainz, E. Bruschek and J. Hemsen (Austria); Dr J.A. Timmermanns (Belgium); Mr A. Demetropoulos and Dr D. Stephanou (Cyprus); Dr J. Rosa and Dip. Ing. A. Szabo (Czechoslovakia); Dr J. Dahl (Denmark), Mr K. Westman (Finland), Dr H. Koops, Prof. Dr H. Mann, and Prof. Dr K. Tiews (Federal Republic of Germany); Drs K. Pint-r and Z. Thuranszky (Hungary); Mr T. Gudjonsson (Iceland); Dr C. Moriarty and Mr J. Power (Ireland); Drs C.M. de Angelis, E. Gelosi, M. Mancini and E. Sommani (Italy); Dr M.F. Broggi (Liechtenstein); Ing. N. Koenig (Luxembourg); Dr B. Steinmetz (Netherlands), Dr B. Jonsson and Mr K.W. Jensen (Norway), Drs T. Backiel, M. Bninska and M. Leopold (Poland); Drs H. Marrer and E. Staub (Switzerland); Dr F. Aksiray (Turkey); and Profs N. Fijan and K.M. Apostolski (Yugoslavia).

I am also most grateful for the aid extended to me in personally viewing many of the European fisheries. Among those offering substantial help have been: Drs W. Einsele and R. Liepolt (Austria); Prof. M. Huet (Belgium); Mr T. Kaartotie (Finland); Dr E. Rehbronn (Federal Republic of Germany); Mr C.J. McGrath and Dr A.E.J. Went (Ireland); Dr P. Turli (Italy); Drs P. Havinga, P. Korringa, Messrs W. Schuster and D.E. Van Drimmelen (Netherlands); Drs V. Mitrovic-Tutundzic and M. Svetina (Yugoslavia). (Some of those mentioned in the previous paragraph, notably Drs J.Dahl and Z. Thuranszky, have also been helpful in this regard.)

I am also appreciative of the assistance provided by Messrs D.W. Davis, Director, and A.D.F. Feldman, Chief, Research Division, of the Hydrologic Engineering Center of the Corps of Engineers in Davis, California, for use of their library and for advice on hydrology. I am also thankful to Mr J.R. Blanchard, former University Librarian of the University of California, Davis (UCD) for making the resources of the UCD Library available, and to Mrs L. Hoffman, Head, Government Documents Department, UCD.

Statistics on salmonoid culture have been provided by the Fédération Européenne de la Salmoniculture (FES).

Finally, I am grateful to my wife, Gail, whose continued support has been indispensable.

Overall responsibility for the present publication, including its evaluations and prognostications, rests squarely upon the writer. If any of these should be wrong, a likely occurrence when working at a distance both in time and space, both these and the inevitable errors of fact can be corrected by the countries involved.

1 The term “late” has not been applied to any of these men or women even if they are deceased. Their spirit is still alive and some of the others may be “late” by the time this acknowledgement is published. After all, does one usually speak of the “late J.C.W.T. Mozart”, or, to be closer in time, the “late H. Moore” or “late J.P. Sartre”?

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Definitions, Sources and Treatment









Germany, Federal Republic of











San Marino




General References