Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Mediterranean and Black sea

FAO SPECIES IDENTIFICATION GUIDE FOR FISHERY PURPOSES

FIELD IDENTIFICATION GUIDE TO THE SHARKS AND RAYS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA


Prepared by
Fabrizio Serena
Environmental Protection Agency – Tuscany Region
Livorno, Italy


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 2005

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105291-3

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2005

Serena, F.
Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes.
Rome, FAO. 2005. 97p. 11 colour plates + egg cases.

Abstract

This volume presents a fully illustrated field guide for the identification of the sharks and rays most relevant to the fisheries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. An extensive literature review was carried out for the preparation of this document. A total of 49 sharks, 34 batoids and 1 chimaera are fully treated. The presence of 5 sharks and 2 batoids included in this field guide, need, however, to be confirmed. The guide includes sections on technical terms and measurements for sharks and batoids, and fully illustrated keys to those orders and families that occur in the region. Each species account includes: at least one annotated illustration of the species highlighting its relevant identification characters; basic information on nomenclature, synonyms and possible misidentifications; FAO common names; basic information on size, habitat and biology, distribution, importance to fisheries, and conservation and exploitation status. Colour plates for a large number of the species are included as well as two plates showing the egg cases.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


FIELD IDENTIFICATION GUIDE TO THE SHARKS AND RAYS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEApdf

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

INTRODUCTIONpdf

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of the Region
Biodiversity and Biogeographical Characteristics of the Region
The Fishery
Fishery Management
Conservation

CLASSIFICATION AND SYSTEMATIC ARRANGEMENT pdf


SHARKSpdf

Technical Terms and Measurements
List of Orders, Families and Species Occurring in the Area
Guide to the Orders and Families of Sharks Occurring in the Area


HEXANCHIDAE
Heptranchias perlo
Hexanchus griseus
Hexanchus nakamurai

ECHINORHINIDAE
Echinorhinus brucus

SQUALIDAE
Squalus acanthias
Squalus blainvillei
Squalus cf. megalops

CENTROPHORIDAE
Centrophorus granulosus
Centrophorus uyato

ETMOPTERIDAE
Etmopterus spinax

SOMNIOSIDAE
Centroscymnus coelolepis
Somniosus (Rhinoscymnus) rostratus

OXYNOTIDAE
Oxynotus centrina

DALATIIDAE
Dalatias licha

SQUATINIDAE
Squatina aculeata
Squatina oculata
Squatina squatina

ODONTASPIDIDAE
Carcharias taurus
Odontaspis ferox

ALOPIIDAE
Alopias superciliosus
Alopias vulpinus

CETORHINIDAE
Cetorhinus maximus

LAMNIDAE
Carcharodon carcharias
Isurus oxyrinchus
Isurus paucus
Lamna nasus

SCYLIORHINIDAE
Galeus atlanticus
Galeus melastomus
Scyliorhinus canicula
Scyliorhinus stellaris

TRIAKIDAE
Galeorhinus galeus
Mustelus asterias
Mustelus mustelus
Mustelus punctulatus

CARCHARHINIDAE
Carcharhinus altimus
Carcharhinus brachyurus
Carcharhinus brevipinna
Carcharhinus falciformis
Carcharhinus limbatus
Carcharhinus melanopterus
Carcharhinus obscurus
Carcharhinus plumbeus
Galeocerdo cuvier
Prionace glauca
Rhizoprionodon acutus

SPHYRNIDAE
Sphyrna (Mesozygaena) tudes
Sphyrna (Sphyrna) lewini
Sphyrna (Sphyrna) mokarran
Sphyrna (Sphyrna) zygaena

BATOID FISHESpdf

Picture key of skates, rays and guitarfishes
Technical Terms and Measurements
List of Orders, Suborders, Families and Species Occurring in the Area
Guide to the Order and Families of Batoid Fishes Occurring in the Area


PRISTIDAE
Pristis pectinata
Pristis pristis

RHINOBATIDAE
Rhinobatos (Glaucostegus) cemiculus
Rhinobatos (Rhinobatos) rhinobatos

TORPEDINIDAE
Torpedo (Tetronarce) nobiliana
Torpedo (Torpedo) marmorata
Torpedo (Torpedo) sinuspersici
Torpedo (Torpedo) torpedo

RAJIDAE
Dipturus batis
Dipturus oxyrinchus
Leucoraja circularis
Leucoraja fullonica
Leucoraja melitensis
Leucoraja naevus
Raja asterias
Raja brachyura
Raja clavata
Raja miraletus
Raja montagui
Raja polystigma
Raja radula
Raja undulata
Rostroraja alba

DASYATIDAE
Dasyatis centroura
Dasyatis marmorata
Dasyatis pastinaca
Himantura uarnak
Pteroplatytrygon violacea
Taeniura grabata

GYMNURIDAE
Gymnura altavela

MYLIOBATIDAE
Myliobatis aquila
Pteromylaeus bovinus

RHINOPTERIDAE
Rhinoptera marginata

MOBULIDAE
Mobula mobular

CHIMAERASpdf

Technical Terms and Measurements
Order,Family and Species of Chimaera Occurring in the Area
Order CHIMAERIFORMES


CHIMAERIDAE
Chimaera monstrosa

BIBLIOGRAPHYpdf

INDEX TO SCIENTIFIC AND VERNACULAR NAMESpdf

LIST OF COLOUR PLATESpdf