Right to Food Guidelines

VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES
to support the progressive realization
of the right to adequate food
in the context of national food security

Adopted by the 127th Session of the FAO Council
November 2004


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2005

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Right to Food Guidelines

The objective of the Voluntary Guidelines is to provide practical guidance to States in their implementation of the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security, in order to achieve the goals of the World Food Summit Plan of Action. They provide an additional instrument to combat hunger and poverty and to accelerate attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.

The Voluntary Guidelines represent the first attempt by governments to interpret an economic, social and cultural right and to recommend actions to be undertaken for its realization. Moreover, they represent a step towards integrating human rights into the work of agencies dealing with food and agriculture.

Contents

Foreword

I   PREFACE AND INTRODUCTION

Preface

Introduction

Basic instruments

The right to adequate food and the achievement of food security

II   ENABLING ENVIRONMENT, ASSISTANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY

GUIDELINE 1      Democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law

GUIDELINE 2      Economic development policies

GUIDELINE 3      Strategies

GUIDELINE 4      Market systems

GUIDELINE 5      Institutions

GUIDELINE 6      Stakeholders

GUIDELINE 7      Legal framework

GUIDELINE 8      Access to resources and assets

GUIDELINE 8A   Labour

GUIDELINE 8B   Land

GUIDELINE 8C   Water

GUIDELINE 8D   Genetic resources for food and agriculture

GUIDELINE 8ESustainability

GUIDELINE 8F   Services

GUIDELINE 9     Food safety and consumer protection

GUIDELINE 10   Nutrition

GUIDELINE 11   Education and awareness raising

GUIDELINE 12   National financial resources

GUIDELINE 13   Support for vulnerable groups

GUIDELINE 14   Safety nets

GUIDELINE 15   International food aid

GUIDELINE 16   Natural and human-made disasters

GUIDELINE 17   Monitoring, indicators and benchmarks

GUIDELINE 18   National human rights institutions

GUIDELINE 19   International dimension

III   INTERNATIONAL MEASURES, ACTIONS AND COMMITMENTS

International cooperation and unilateral measures

Role of the international community

Technical cooperation

International trade

External debt

Official development assistance

International food aid

Partnerships with NGOs/CSOs/private sector

Promotion and protection of the right to adequate food

International reporting

 

 

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or delopment status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 978-92-5-105336-2

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FAO 2005