Folleto de la FAO sobre diversificación 5
ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES
SERIES 11
Mapping biophysical factors that influence
agricultural production and rural vulnerability


Harrij van Velthuizen
Barbara Huddleston
Günther Fischer
Mirella Salvatore
Ergin Ataman
Freddy O. Nachtergaele
Marina Zanetti
Mario Bloise


and FAO GIS specialists:
Antonello Antonicelli
Judith Bel
Anna De Liddo
Paola De Salvo
Gianluca Franceschini



FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
and the
International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis
Rome, 2007


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Ideas contained in this document are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of FAO or IIASA. The conclusions given in this report are considered appropriate at the time of its preparation. They may be modified in the light of further knowledge gained at subsequent stages of the project.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations or the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 978-92-5-105689-9
ISSN 1684-8241

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Electronic Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Communication Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2007


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I (292 KB)

Foreword
Abstract
Acknowledgements
Acronyms

Part II (397 KB)

1. INTRODUCTION

2. POPULATION AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

2.1 Distinguishing urban and rural area
2.2 Estimating the distribution of rural population
2.3 Size of excluded area and population
3. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND CONSTRAINTS
3.1 Climate
3.2 Soils
3.3 Terrain slope
3.4 Environmental constraints to rainfed agriculture
Part III (329 KB)

4. LAND PRODUCTIVITY POTENTIALS
4.1 Procedure for estimating productivity potential of land for rainfed
      crops and pasture
4.2 Suitability of currently available land for rainfed crops and pasture
4.3 Productivity potential of currently available land for rainfed crops
      and pasture
4.4 Distribution of rural population on currently available agricultural land
5. PRODUCTIVITY POTENTIALS IN MAJOR FARMING SYSTEMS OF
    DEVELOPING AND TRANSITION COUNTRIES
5.1 Farming system zones of developing and transition countries
5.2 Distribution of suitable area, current land cover and rural population
      by major farming system class in developing and transition countries
REFERENCES

Part IV (247 KB)

ANNEX I
The agro-ecological zones (AEZ) methodology
ANNEX II
Global land cover and availability of land for rainfed agriculture
A.2.1 Method used to estimate the distribution of global land cover
A.2.2 Method used to estimate land currently available for rainfed agriculture
Part V (454 KB)

ANNEX III
Suitability of currently available land for crop groups
Part VI (432 KB)

ANNEX IV
Main characteristics of farming systems