FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1017/6

FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1017/6

FIMA/C1017/6

REGIONAL REVIEW ON AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT
6. WESTERN-EUROPEAN REGION 2005

by
K.J. Rana
Institute of Aquaculture
Stirling, United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2007

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Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

ISBN 978-92-5-105744-5
ISSN 0429-9329

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Electronic Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Communication Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org

Rana, K.J.
Regional review on aquaculture development. 6. Western-European region 2005. FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 1017/6. Rome, FAO. 2007. 56 pp. Contains a CD-ROM.

ABSTRACT

FAO regularly conducts global and regional reviews of aquaculture status and trends, most recently during 2005 and 2006. The present regional synthesis for Western-Europe provides an overview of major issues and trends in the aquaculture sector. Stagnating capture fisheries and soaring demand for seafood products in Europe have spurred the expansion of aquaculture in this region. In 2003 farmed finfish accounted for 62 percent in volume and 79 percent of value while farmed molluscs accounted for 38 percent and 21 percent of volume and value, respectively. The expansion between 1994 and 2003 was dominated by marine finfish production particularly of Atlantic salmon in Norway (71 percent), United Kingdom (19 percent) and Faeroe Islands (10 percent). Seabass and seabream farming in Greece, Turkey, Spain, Italy and France in 2003 accounted for 95 percent of production. The increased production and supply of fish was accompanied by falling farmgate prices triggering restructuring of the industry, as well as substantial increases in volume of the key finfish species. The review confirms features of a maturing aquaculture industry including specialization, increasing skills and professionalism, diversification of technology and products, efficient production, vertical integration and market development. The growing environmental and social awareness and recognition of consumer and food safety preferences by the industry and the public sector are contributing to good farm management and governance measures which are enabling effective efforts towards sustainable development and responsible practices in aquaculture.

©FAO 2007


Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Abstract
List of figures
List of
Abbreviations and acronyms

1. CHARACTERISTICS AND STRUCTURE OF THE SECTOR
1.1  Introduction
1.2  Regional demographic dynamics
1.3  Economic perspectives
1.4  History and background of aquaculture practice
2. PRODUCTION, SPECIES AND VALUES OF MAJOR SPECIES
2.1  Contribution of regional aquaculture production to global production
2.2  Contribution of aquaculture to regional fish production
2.3  Production of major species
3. ECONOMICS AND TRADE
3.1  Fisheries trade in the region
3.2  Comparison of aquaculture with regional agriculture and meat production
3.3  Social significance of aquaculture
3.4  Main regional trade in fish commodities
4. CONTRIBUTION TO FOOD SECURITY; ACCESS TO FOOD, NUTRITION
    AND FOOD SAFETY
4.1  Contribution of fish supply compared with other sources of meat protein
       in the region
4.2  Trends in fish prices - capture versus farmed
5. ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES
5.1  Impacts of aquaculture on environment
5.2  Environmental management
5.3  Feed resources and efficiency
6. LEGAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND MANAGEMENT ASPECTS
    OF THE AQUACULTURE SECTOR
6.1  Managing the aquaculture sector
6.2  Envisaged shortcoming in national and EU regulations for sustainable
       management of aquaculture
7. SOCIAL IMPACTS, EMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION
7.1  Dynamics of the structure of the aquaculture sector
7.2  Trends in ownership
7.3  Contribution of aquaculture to employment
7.4  Benefits to the wider community
8. TRENDS, ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENT
8.1  Trends influencing direction of aquaculture development in the region
8.2  Impacts of regulatory environment on development
8.3  Status and contribution of aquaculture
8.4  Trends in diversification
8.5  Food safety and biosecurity
8.6  Environment
9. OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS

10. REFERENCES

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