PRIVATE STANDARDS 
IN THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPEAN UNION MARKETS FOR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

Food Commodity Studies
3

PRIVATE STANDARDS IN
THE UNITED STATES AND
EUROPEAN UNION MARKETS
FOR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

Implications for developing countries

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2007


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Table of contents

Part I   [608Kb]

    List of acronyms
    Glossary of terms used
    Introduction

Part II   [320Kb]

    Overview of standards: international agreements, national regulations and private standards
      1. Frameworks for standard settings and conformity assessment systems
      2. General quality and import requirements, product classification, traceability and labels of origin
      3. Phytosanitary standards
      4. Food safety standards
      5. Sustainable agriculture and good agricultural practices (GAP)
      6. Environmental standards
      7. Organic agriculture standards
      8. Labour and social standards

    Part III   [864Kb]

      Overview of existing analytical work on the impacts of private standards on trade
        1. Extensive research programmes covering various aspects of private standards
        2. On methodology
        3. On the impact of governmental regulations
        4. On the impact of private and voluntary standards
        5. Case studies
        Overview of operational initiatives related to private standards and trade
        Conclusions and recommendations

© FAO 2007