FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1017/5

FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1017/5


FIMA/C1017/5 (En)

REGIONAL REVIEW ON AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT
5. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN REGION 2005

by

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
and
Network of Aquaculture Centres of Centraland
  Eastern Europe (NACEE)



FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2007

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Contents


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ISBN 978-92-5-105826-8
ISSN 0429-9329

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© FAO 2007

FAO/Network of Aquaculture Centres in Central-Eastern Europe (NACEE).
Regional review on aquaculture development. 5. Central and Eastern European region 2005. FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 1017/5. Rome, FAO. 2007. 84pp.

Abstract

FAO regularly conducts global and regional reviews of aquaculture status and trends, most recently during 2005 and 2006. The present regional review and synthesis for Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) provides an overview of major issues and trends in the aquaculture sector. The dominant technology is carp-based polyculture production in ponds. Production declined significantly following the political and socio-economic changes in the early nineties. Since 1996, production is gradually increasing. Aquaculture is an important supplier of healthy food for local populations, and will continue to contribute to rural development. During the Astrakhan workshop in 2005, 13 NASOPAFAD country review studies and the draft Regional Aquaculture Review were presented and discussed. A series of common issues, constraints and trends were recognized for the region covering: predominance of carp production, low production levels, inefficient farm management and marketing, lack of skilled staff, financial and legal problems. Four major thematic areas were analysed: (a) policy framework, legislation and institutional systems; (b) farming systems, species and technologies; (c) processing and marketing (consumers' demand, labelling, certification); and (d) social aspects (food supply, employment, income generation). The workshop highlighted the following points: (a) the significance of aquaculture development in CEE has to be emphasized; (b) governments and other policy-makers should be informed about the opportunities and need of developing a sustainable aquaculture sector; (c) producers should recognize consumer demands and the increased market competition with other commodities; and (d) NACEE can play an important role in facilitating the information exchange in the region. The regional review indicates that there are opportunities for integrating aquaculture with other activities, for enhancing exports, and for strengthening institutional capacity building. There is need for research, technology development and investment to improve sustainability of existing farming systems, to promote diversification using additional and high value species, and to expand marine production systems. There is significant scope for improved human resources development, for better collaboration among farmers, and between science and practice, and for international collaboration, within the region and with institutions and organizations outside the region.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Abstract
List of tables
List of figures
Acronyms and abbreviations

PART I REGIONAL REVIEW ON AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT:
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE 2005


Executive Summary

1.  CHARACTERISTICS AND STRUCTURE OF THE SECTOR
1.1  Regional demographic and economic overview
1.2  Status of aquaculture in the region
2.  PRODUCTION

3.  ECONOMICS AND TRADE
3.1  Role of the aquaculture sector
3.2  Performance of the aquaculture sector
3.3  Regional markets for aquaculture products
3.4  Expectations on economic gains through trading
       of aquatic products
4.  CONTRIBUTION TO FAMILY FOOD SECURITY, ACCESS TO FOOD,
     NUTRITION AND FOOD SAFETY
4.1  The relative contribution of fish compared to other sources of
       protein to food production
4.2  Fish consumption trends
4.3  Comparing consumption of fish vs terrestrial meat in rural and
       urban societies
4.4  Market prices of aquatic species of different origins
4.5  Demographic data and trends relevant to aquaculture
5.  ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES
5.1  Environment and land use
5.2  Feed and seed resources
5.3  Feeding fresh fish, trash fish and fishmeal usage
6.  LEGAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND MANAGEMENT ASPECTS OF THE
     AQUACULTURE SECTOR
6.1  Description of the sector
6.2  Institutional support and legal and policy frameworks in the sector
7. SOCIAL IMPACTS, EMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION
7.1 Trends in shifting from small-scale operations to larger commercial
      operations in aquaculture
7.2  Ownership of aquaculture operations
7.3  Contribution of aquaculture to employment in rural and coastal areas
7.4  Distribution of benefits from aquaculture
7.5  Involvement of women and children in aquaculture
8. TRENDS, ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENT
8.1  External and internal driving forces and reasons of main
       development trends in the sector
8.2  Main development trends in the sector
9.  REFERENCES

PART II REPORT OF THE FAO EXPERT WORKSHOP ON
REGIONAL AQUACULTURE REVIEW IN CENTRAL AND
EASTERN EUROPE