A cut for the poor

A CUT FOR THE POOR

RAP PUBLICATION 2007/09

A CUT FOR THE POOR

Proceedings of the International Conference on
Managing Forests for Poverty Reduction:
Capturing Opportunities in Forest Harvesting and
Wood Processing for the Benefit of the Poor

Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
3-6 October 2006

Edited by: Robert Oberndorf, Patrick Durst, Sango Mahanty, Kenneth Burslem and Regan Suzuki

Download Part I (415 KB) Download Part II (254 KB) Download Part III (414 KB)
Download Part IV (618 KB) Download Part V (604 KB) Download Part VI (522 KB)
Download Part VII (441 KB) Download Part VIII (590 KB)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC)
Netherlands Development Organisation(SNV)
2007

The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC) or SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to Patrick Durst, Senior Forestry Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand (Patrick.Durst@fao.org) or Dr Yam Malla, Executive Director, RECOFTC, Kasetsart University, PO Box 1111, Bangkok 10930, Thailand (oyam@ku.ac.th).

Citation: Oberndorf, R., P. Durst, S. Mahanty, K. Burslem, R. Suzuki, 2007. A Cut for the Poor. Proceedings of the International Conference on Managing Forests for Poverty Reduction: Capturing Opportunities in Forest Harvesting and Wood Processing for the Benefit of the Poor. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam3-6 October 2006, FAO RAP publication number and RECOFTC Report No. 19. FAO and RECOFTC, Bangkok.

© FAO, RECOFTC, SNV 2007

ISBN 978-974-7946-97-0
Cover design and layout by Somchai Singsa

Contacts:

FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
39 Phra Atit Road,
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel.: +66 (0) 2 -697 4000
Fax: +66 (0)2 -697 4445
Email: Patrick.Durst@fao.org

Regional Community Forestry Training Center
for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC)
PO Box 1111 Kasetsart University
Bangkok 10903, Thailand
Tel: +66 (0)2 940 5700
Fax: +66 (0)2 561 4880
Email: info@recoftc.org

SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation)
6th Floor, Building B, La Thanh Hotel
218 Doi Can, Ba Dinh
Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel: +84 (0)4 846 3971
Fax: +84 (0)4 846 3794

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger by helping countries improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and ensuring good nutrition for all. FAO is also a leading source of knowledge and information on agriculture, forestry and fisheries, and acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO’s mission in forestry is to enhance human well-being through support to member countries in the sustainable management of the world’s trees and forests.

The Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC) is an international not-for-profit organization based in Bangkok, Thailand, that supports community forestry and community-based natural resource management. RECOFTC receives core funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Through strategic partnerships and collaboration with governmental and non-governmental institutions, programs, projects and networks, RECOFTC aims to enhance capacity at all levels and promote constructive multi-stakeholder dialogues and interactions to ensure equitable and sustainable management of forest resources.

SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation) is a Netherlands based international NGO that delivers capacity building advisory services to over 1,800 clients in 33 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Balkans. In Asia, SNV provides capacity building services to government, non-government and private sector organizations in Nepal, Viet Nam, Bhutan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Cambodia and Bangladesh as well as to a number of regional organizations and networks. SNV aims to achieve development results in two areas: (1) basic services delivery (water & sanitation, energy, health and education) and (2) production, income and job creation. Our niche in specific sub sectors (such as pro poor tourism, Non-Timber Forest Products, biogas sector development, clean development mechanism, value chain development and participatory planning) is widely recognized and closely linked to National Development Strategies.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

List of Commonly Cited Acronyms and Abbreviations

Conference Declaration

Opening Statements

Welcome Speech by Nguyen Ngoc Binh, Director-General, Department of Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam

Statement by Emmanuel Ze Meka, Assistant Director, Reforestation and Forest Management, International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Yokohama, Japan

Statement by Patrick B. Durst, Senior Forestry Officer, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Chapter 1

Management Forests for Poverty Reduction: Key Concepts and Conference Overview
Hansen, Durst, Mahanty and Ebregt

Section 1: Setting the Scene

Chapter 2

Big Trees for Little People: Managing Forests for Poverty Reduction
Warner

Chapter 3

The Potential of Commercial Forestry to Reduce Poverty
Dunning

Section 2: Policies and Legislation

Chapter 4

Local and Decentralized Forest Management in Cameroon: The Case of the Kongo Community forest
Cuny, Ango and Ondoa

Chapter 5

Forest Harvesting in Community-based Forest Management in the Philippines: Simple Tools Versus Complex Procedures
Dugan and Puthin

Chapter 6

Community Forest Management (CFM) in Viet Nam: Sustainable Forest Management and Benefit Sharing
Bao Huy

Section 3: Economic Issues

Chapter 7

Unlocking the Value of Pine Forests for Sustainable Liveihoods: A Case Study from Hile Jaljale "KA" Community Forest in Kabhre Palanchok Direct of Nepal
Chand and Ghimire

Chapter 8

Managing the Risks of Community-based Processing: Lessons from Two Community-Based Sawmills in Nepal
Kelly and Aryal

Chapter 9

Can Timber Rents Better Contribute to Poverty Alleviation Through Community Forestry in the Terai Region of Napal?
Bampton and Cammaert

Section 4: Forest Management Modalities and Institutional Issues

Chapter 10

Small Wood-based Enterprises in Community Forestry: Contributing to Poverty Reduction in Nepal
Acharya and Acharya

Chapter 11

Community Forestry: Supporting Bhutan'S National and MDG Goals While Protecting Forests
Temphel and Beukeboom

Chapter 12

Sharing the Wealth? A Case Study of a Pioneering Community-based Timber Harvesting Operation in Central Viet Nam
Vickers and Mackenzie

Section 5: Technical Aspects

Chapter 13

Appropriate Forest Harvesting and Transport Technologies for Village-Based Production of Bamboo Charcoal in Mountainous Areas of Northern Lao PDR
Mohns

Chapter 14

Processing Lumber with Chainsaws: Relevance for Households in the Forest Zone of Ghane
Pinard, Adam, Cobbinah, Nutukor, Damnyang, Nyarko, Nketiah, Boatang and Abrebresse

Chapter 15

Capturing Opportunities in Forest Harvesting and Processing to Benefit the Poor in Papua New Guinea
Akivi

Section 6: Accessing Markets

Chapter 16

Forest to Finished Flooring from the Family Farm
Birkemeier

Chapter 17

Old-World Craft Promotes Third-World Development: Community Forestry Meets Appropriate Technology
Landis

Chapter 18

The Role of Small and Medium Forest Enterprise Association in Reducing Poverty
Macqueen

Chapter 19

The Role of Small and Medium Forest Enterprise Association in Reducing Poverty
Barr

Chapter 20

New Bamboo Industries and Pro-Poor Impacts: Lessons from China and Potential for Mekong Countries
Marsh and Smith

List of Contributors

List of Participants