Selected Inidcators of Food and Agricultural Development in the Asia-Pacific Region 1996-2006

SELECTED INDICATORS OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 1996-2006

RAP PUBLICATION 2007/15

SELECTED INDICATORS
OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 1996-2006

 



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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO)
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
BANGKOK, OCTOBER 2007

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its territories or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders.

Applications for such permission should be addressed to Senior Statistician, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by e-mail to RAP-Publications@fao.org

© FAO 2007

Map of Asia and the Pacific is used courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. The pictures on the covers were taken by G. Diana (cover) and by L. Lizzi (back cover). Tables were prepared by the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, on the basis of information available as of August 2007. Please note that growth rates take into consideration data that are not printed. Inquiries about the technical contents and comments about the profiles should be addressed to:

Senior Statistician
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok, 10200
Thailand
Tel : (662) 697-4000
Fax : (662) 697-4445

FAO food and agriculture statistics are available on the internet at: http://www.fao.org

FOREWORD

This document is the twenty-fourth issue of the publication Selected indicators of food and agricultural development in the Asia-Pacific region. It presents data on selected items for the years 1996-2006, except some tables that provide information for the period 1995-2005. Most tables show two types of information: annual figures for 1996, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006 and the average annual growth rate for the period 1996-2006. The indicators are grouped under the following headings: Agricultural land and population, Agricultural inputs, Production indices, Staple food crops, Edible oil crops, Horticultural crops, Fibre crops, Other crops, Livestock, Agricultural trade, Fisheries, Forestry, Nutrition and Other indicators, including a table reporting the status of organic farming in the region. A section on country profiles precedes the tables.

Member countries in the region are shown under two groups: "Developing countries/transition economies" and "Developed countries". Statistics obtained using data values from all of these member countries are labeled as “Asia & Pacific*”. For comparison purposes, figures relating to "Rest of world" and "World" are also presented. Please note that country data for Timor-Leste were reported as provincial data for Indonesia before 2000.

For almost all commodity tables, data are mainly retrieved from the FAO computerized data bases, especially FAOSTAT, or from the FAO Yearbooks. These data are based on information supplied by member countries. Other sources of data are cited.

The methodological framework, processing and dissemination systems of FAOSTAT have been re-developed together with its coverage, commodity classifications, statistical and meta databases to provide more up-to-date and reliable statistics, based on user requests and feedbacks. Data from 1990 has been revisited and there may be resulting changes in the historical data. Moreover, many members have substantially revised statistics for earlier years or have provided estimates for 2005 (trade data) and 2006 (production data). Totals for these years may be under estimates due to non reporting or partial reporting. Such instances are identified by the superscripts used in the tables. The methodology for the estimation of food balance sheets has also been revised in FAOSTAT. This includes modern aggregation techniques for the conversion of transformed commodities into primary equivalents. These revisions resulted in several modifications and amendments to statistics, so the data series presented here can differ (sometimes substantially) from those in previous editions of this publication. Caution should therefore be used when interpreting the estimates.

To indicate the overall regional performance and also to highlight intercountry differences, growth rates shown in the present publication have been calculated using the least squares exponential growth method. It should be noted that data for all years in the range have been used in the calculation of the growth rates.

Various units of FAO, especially the Statistics Division, have cooperated with the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific in the preparation of this publication. This collaboration is duly acknowledged.

          
He Changchui                             
Assistant Director-General and                     
FAO Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific

Bangkok, October 2007

SYMBOLS USED IN THE TABLES

*

Unofficial figure

F

FAO estimate

P

Partner data

T

Trend calculation

-

Data not available

MT

Metric ton

Ha

Hectare

Kg

Kilogram

kg/ha

Kilogram per hectare

CUM

Cubic meter

In most tables a blank space has the same meaning as the symbol (-) defined above.

For crop yields and all sub-regional totals no (F) or (*) symbol is used as these are derived data.

To divide decimals from whole numbers, a full stop (.) is used.

Please note that Asia & Pacific* refers to countries in the table.

CONTENTS

 

COUNTRY PROFILES

Developing Countries/Transition Economies

  Southeast Asia
 

South and Southwest Asia

  Central Asia
  East Asia
 

Pacific Islands

Developed Countries

  
 

AGRICULTURAL LAND AND POPULATION

   Land use
  

Agricultural land

  

Agricultural population

  

Agricultural land and population

 

AGRICULTURAL INPUTS

   Irrigation
  

Irrigated land as proportion of agricultural land

  

Mineral fertilizers: consumption

  

Mineral fertilizers: consumption per ha of agricultural land

  

Agricultural tractors

 

PRODUCTION INDICES

  

Agricultural production indices

  

Food production indices

 

STAPLE FOOD CROPS

 

A. Cereals

  

Rice paddy: production

  

Rice paddy: yield

  

Rice paddy: area harvested

  

Wheat: production

   Wheat: yield
  

Wheat: area harvested

  

Maize: production

   Maize: yield
  

Maize: area harvested

  

Millet: production

   Millet: yield
  

Millet: area harvested

  

Cereals: production

   Cereals: yield
  

Cereals: area harvested

 

B. Roots and Tubers

  

Cassava: production

   Cassava: yield
  

Cassava: area harvested

  

Sweet potatoes: production

  

Sweet potatoes: yield

  

Sweet potatoes: area harvested

  

Potatoes: production

  

Potatoes: yield

  

Potatoes: area harvested

  

Taro (cocoyam): production

  

Taro (cocoyam): yield

  

Taro (cocoyam): area harvested

  

Roots and tubers: production

  

Roots and tubers: yield

  

Roots and tubers: area harvested

 

C. Pulses

  

Pulses: production

   Pulses: yield
  

Pulses: area harvested

 

EDIBLE OIL CROPS

  

Groundnuts in shell: production

  

Groundnuts in shell: yield

  

Groundnuts in shell: area harvested

  

Soybean: production

   Soybean: yield
  

Soybean: area harvested

  

Coconut: production

  

Palm oil: production

  

Oil crops (oil equivalent): production

 

HORTICULTURE CROPS

  

Fruits total (excluding melons): production

  

Bananas: production

  

Citrus fruit total: production

  

Guavas, mangoes, mangosteens: production

  

Vegetables total (including melons): production

  

Cabbages and other brassicas: production

  

Cabbages and other brassicas: yield

  

Cabbages and other brassicas: area harvested

  

Tomatoes: production

  

Tomatoes: yield

  

Tomatoes: area harvested

  

Onions (dry): production

  

Onions (dry): yield

  

Onions (dry): area harvested

 

FIBRE CROPS

  

Jute and jute-like fibres: production

  

Jute and jute-like fibres: yield

  

Jute and jute-like fibres: area harvested

  

Seed cotton: production

  

Seed cotton: yield

  

Seed cotton: area harvested

  

Silk-worm cocoons, reelable: production (including waste)

 

OTHER CROPS

  

Rubber, Gums, Waxes: production

  

Sugar cane: production

  

Sugar cane: yield

  

Sugar cane: area harvested

  

Coffee (green): production

  

Coffee (green): yield

  

Coffee (green): area harvested

  

Tea: production

   Tea: yield
  

Tea: area harvested

  

Cocoa bean: production

  

Cocoa bean: yield

  

Cocoa bean: area harvested

  

Chillies and peppers, green: production

  

Chillies and peppers, green: yield

  

Chillies and peppers, green: area harvested

 

LIVESTOCK

  

Livestock production indices: total

  

Livestock production indices: per caput

  

Cattle: population

  

Buffalo: population

  

Pig: population

  

Sheep: population

  

Goat: population

  

Chicken: population

  

Duck: population

  

Meat total: production

  

Cattle meat: production

  

Buffalo meat: production

  

Pig meat: production

  

Sheep meat: production

  

Goat meat: production

  

Chicken meat: production

  

Milk total: production

  

Cow milk: production

  

Buffalo milk: production

  

Hen eggs: production

 

AGRICULTURAL TRADE

  

Agricultural products: imports in value

  

Agricultural products: exports in value

  

Cereals: imports in volume

  

Cereals: exports in volume

  

Rice : imports in volume

  

Rice: exports in volume

  

Wheat + flour, wheat equiv.: imports in volume

  

Wheat + flour, wheat equivalent : exports in volume

  

Palm oil: imports in volume

  

Palm oil: exports in volume

  

Rubber, gums, waxes: imports in volume

  

Rubber, gums, waxes: exports in volume

  

Coffee (green + roast): imports in volume

  

Coffee (green + roast): exports in volume

  

Tea: imports in volume

  

Tea: exports in volume

  

Cotton lint: imports in volume

  

Cotton lint: exports in volume

  

Jute: imports in volume

  

Jute: exports in volume

  

Silk: imports in volume

  

Silk: exports in volume

 

FISHERIES

  

Inland capture fisheries: production

  

Marine capture fisheries: production

  

Total capture fisheries: production

  

Aquaculture: production

  

Fish and fish products: imports and exports in volume

  

Fish and fish products: imports and exports in value

 

FORESTRY

  

Roundwood: production

  

Fuelwood and charcoal: production

  

Industrial roundwood: production

  

Sawlogs and veneer logs: production

  

Sawnwood and sleepers: production

  

Wood-based panels: production

  

Wood pulp: production

  

Paper and paperboard: production

  

Forestry products: imports in value

  

Forestry products: exports in value

 

NUTRITION

  

Per caput dietary-energy supply (DES) and prevalence of undernourishment in total population (percent) 1995-1997, 2001-2003 and 2002-2004

  

Daily per capita energy intake from major food groups: vegetal and animal products

  

Daily per capita energy intake from major food groups: cereals, starchy roots and pulses

  

Daily per capita energy intake from major food groups: nuts, oilcrops and fruits

  

Daily per capita energy intake from major food groups: sugarcrops, vegetables and animal fats

  

Intake from major food groups as percentage of total dietary energy supply: vegetal and animal products

  

Intake from major food groups as percentage of total dietary energy supply: cereals, starchy roots and pulses

  

Intake from major food groups as percentage of total dietary energy supply: nuts, oilcrops and fruits

  

Intake from major food groups as percentage of total dietary energy supply: sugarcrops, vegetables and animal fats

  

Desirable dietary patterns (DDP)

  

Percentage of protein and fats from animal sources in total dietary energy supply

  

Yearly per capita consumption in kilogrammes from major food groups, 2005

  

Some population indicators affecting nutritional status

 

OTHER INDICATORS

  

Number and area of agricultural holdings

  

Organic farming in Asia and Pacific

  

Population and agricultural labour force

  

Growth of GDP and agricultural GDP

  

Agriculture’s share in GDP, growth rate of value added in agriculture and in industry

  

GNI per caput, its growth, inflation and ODA receipts

  

Food consumption, food imports and food aid