Abattoir Development  

RAP PUBLICATION 2008/1

 

ABATTOIR DEVELOPMENT

OPTIONS AND DESIGNS
FOR HYGIENIC BASIC AND MEDIUM-SIZED ABATTOIRS

 

Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok, 2008


The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) nor the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved.  No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP), Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand

© FAO 2010

For copies, please contact:

Senior Animal Production and Health Officer
and Secretary of APHCA
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP)
39 Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200, THAILAND
E-mail :aphca@fao.org

FAO Homepage : http://www.fao.org
APHCA Homepage : http://www.aphca.org

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword

Executive summary

Acknowledgements

1. Slaughterhouses for red-meat animals in APHCA-member countries

   Types and availability

   Attempts to establish city abattoirs and structural changes

   Present status of the abattoir sector

2. Slaughterhouse hygiene problems and solutions

   Scope of problems

      Main problems in small ruminant slaughtering

      Main problems in bovine and large ruminant slaughtering

      Main problems in pig slaughtering

3. Design and equipment recommendations for small- to medium-sized abattoirs

   Introduction

   Slaughter systems for small ruminants

   Slaughter systems for bovines

   Slaughter systems for pigs

   Multispecies slaughter systems

   Currently utilized stunning methods and recommended improvements

   Restraining livestock for Halal slaughter

   Meat inspection

   Sanitation and effluent treatment in abattoirs

      Sanitation

      Effluent treatment

4. Conclusions

5. Recommendations

   ANNEX A1 A12: Drawings of lay-out plans, slaughter lines (schematic) and equipment

   ANNEX B: Country reports

   Indonesia

   Nepal

   Pakistan

   Philippines

   Vietnam