Field Guide to the Commercial Marine and Brackish-water Resources of the Northern Coast of South America

FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes

Field Guide to the
Commercial Marine and Brackish-water Resources of
the Northern Coast of South America


prepared by
Cervigón, F.; Cipriani R.; Fischer W.; Garibaldi L.; Hendrickx M.;
Lemus A.J.; Márquez R.; Poutiers J.M.; Robaina G.; Rodriquez, B.


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1993

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN: 9251031290

© FAO

Summary


This field guide covers the major fishery resource groups occurring along the northern coast of South America, including seaweeds, gastropods, bivalves, cephalopods, stomatopods, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, sharks, batoid fishes, bony fishes, and marine turtles. The introduction includes a detailed description of the boundaries and the geophysical, oceanographic and ecological features of the area, the distribution and nature of the main fishing grounds, the species dominating in each habitat, and the fishing techniques used. Each of the major resource group sections includes an explanation of the technical terms and measurements used, guidelines for the identification of families present in the area, and a detailed presentation of families and species considered to be of interest to fisheries. It provides scientific nomenclature, FAO names proposed for use at regional level, one or more illustrations, diagnostic features, and notes on geographical distribution, habitat, and fisheries. An alphabetical index of family and species names used is included. The guide is illustrated with black and white drawings and 320 colour photographs.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION

SEAWEEDS

MOST COMMON SPECIES OF COMMERCIAL VALUE IN THE AREA
DIVISION CHLOROPHYTA
DIVISION PHAEOPHYTA
DIVISION RHODOPHYTA

GASTROPODS

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Cassidae
Conidae
Fasciolariidae
Fissurellidae
Melongenidae
Muricidae
Neritidae
Olividae
Ranellidae (=Cymatiidae)
Strombidae
Trochidae
Turbinellidae (=Vasidae)
Turbinidae
Volutidae

BIVALVES

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Arcidae
Cardiidae
Corbiculidae
Donacidae
Isognomonidae
Limidae
Lucinidae
Mactridae
Mytilidae
Ostreidae
Pectinidae
Pholadidae
Pinnidae
Psammobiidae
Pteriidae
Solecurtidae
Solenidae
Spondylidae
Tellinidae
Veneridae

CEPHALOPODS

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
ORDER SEPIOIDEA
TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
ORDER TEUTHOIDEA
TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Lepidoteuthidae
Loliginidae
Ommastrephidae
Onychoteuthidae
Thysanoteuthidae
ORDER OCTOPODA
TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Octopodidae

STOMATOPODS

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Lysiosquillidae
Squillidae

SHRIMPS

TECHNICAL TERMS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Aristeidae
Atyidae
Hippolytididae
Palaemonidae
Pandalidae
Pasiphaeidae
Penaeidae
Sicyoniidae
Solenoceridae

LOBSTERS

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Nephropidae
Palinuridae
Scyllaridae
Synaxidae

CRABS

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Calappidae
Dromiidae
Gecarcinidae
Geryonidae
Majidae
Ocypodidae
Portunidae
Xanthidae

SHARKS

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Alopiidae
Carcharhinidae
Hexanchidae
Lamnidae
Mitsukurinidae
Orectolobidae (= Ginglymostomatidae)
Oxinotidae
Rhincodontidae (= Rhiniodontidae)
Scyliorhinidae
Sphyrnidae
Squalidae
Squatinidae
Triakidae

BATOID FISHES

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Dasyatidae
Gymnuridae
Mobulidae
Myliobatidae
Pristidae
Rajidae
Rhinobatidae
Torpedinidae

BONY FISHES

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES
FAMILIES
Acanthuridae
Albulidae
Alepisauridae
Anablepidae
Anguillidae
Argentinidae
Ariidae
Aspredinidae
Atherinidae
Auchenipteridae
Aulostomidae
Balistidae
Batrachoididae
Belonidae
Berycidae
Bothidae
Branchiostegidae
Caproidae
Carangidae
Centropomidae
Clupeidae
Congridae
Coryphaenidae
Cynoglossidae
Cyprinodontidae
Dactylopteridae
Echeneididae
Elopidae
Emmelichthyidae
Engraulididae
Ephippidae
Exocoetidae
Fistularidae
Gadidae
Gempylidae
Gerreidae
Haemulidae
Hemiramphidae
Holocentridae
Hypophthalmidae
Inermiidae
Istiophoridae
Kyphosidae
Labridae
Lampridae
Lobotidae
Lophiidae
Lutjanidae
Macrorhamphosidae
Malacanthidae
Megalopidae
Merlucciidae
Monacanthidae
Moridae
Mugilidae
Mullidae
Muraenesocidae
Muraenidae
Ophichthidae
Ophidiidae
Ostraciidae
Peristediidae
Pimelodidae
Polymixiidae
Polynemidae
Pomacanthidae
Pomacentridae
Pomatomidae
Priacanthidae
Pristigasteridae
Rachycentridae
Scaridae
Sciaenidae
Scomberesocidae
Scombridae
Scorpaenidae
Serranidae
Soleidae
Sparidae
Sphyraenidae
Stromateidae
Synodontidae
Tetraodontidae
Trichiuridae
Triglidae
Uranoscopidae
Xiphiidae
Zeidae

MARINE TURTLES

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF FAMILIES AND SPECIES
FAMILIES
Chelonidae
Dermochelidae

INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC AND VERNACULAR NAMES