Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania

FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes

Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Tanzania


by
David H. Eccles


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1992

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

© FAO 1992

Eccles, D.H.
FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme, Project URT/87/016
Rome, FAO. 1992. 145 p.

SUMMARY

This field guide includes the freshwater fishes of present or potential interest to, or likely to be encountered in, fisheries in Tanzania. There are background remarks on the fauna and a basic introduction to taxonomy. A section on technical terms and measurements illustrates the characters used for identification. The guide to species is preceded by sections that will aid in identification of families. The species accounts include illustrations and information on synonyms, FAO names, local names, maximum size, distribution, habitat and miscellaneous remarks.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION
A Basic Introduction to Taxonomy
Taxonomy and Classification
Rules of nomenclature
Examples from east african cichlids
How To Use This Guide
Acknowledgements

TECHNICAL TERMS AND MEASUREMENTS

A PICTORIAL INDEX TO FAMILIES

GUIDE TO ORDERS AND FAMILIES
How to Use the "Guide to Orders and Families"

GUIDE TO SPECIES
How to Use the "Guide to Species"
Families
Carcharhinidae
Pristidae
Protopteridae
Polypteridae
Mormyridae
Elopidae
Megalopidae
Anguillidae
Ophichthidae
Clupeidae
Pristigasteridae
Chanidae
Kneriidae
Cyprinidae
Distichodontidae
Citharinidae
Characidae
Bagridae
Schilbeidae
Amphiliidae
Clariidae
Malapteruridae
Ariidae
Plotosidae
Mochokidae
Salmonidae
Cyprinodontidae
Syngnathidae
Mastacembelidae
Centropomidae
Ambassidae
Teraponidae
Kuhliidae
Centrarchidae
Carangidae
Lutjanidae
Gerridae
Haemulidae
Sparidae
Monodactylidae
Scatophagidae
Cichlidae
Mugilidae
Eleotridae
Gobiidae
Anabantidae
Tetraodontidae

LIST OF SPECIES AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION IN TAZANIA

MAJOR REFERENCES TO TANZANIAN FRESHWATER FISHES

INDEX