THE ECONOMICS OF FISHERIES.
Proceedings of a round table organized by the International Economic Association, sponsored by FAO

Rome, September 1956



Edited by
Ralph Turvey and Jack Wiseman
The London School of Economics and Political Science
University of London, London, England

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome 1957

CONTENTS

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PREFACE

The International Economic Association (IEA) was founded under the auspices of UNESCO in September 1950. Each year since then a round table has been held with papers and discussion centred upon a single major topic or branch of the discipline. Succeeding conferences have been devoted to the following subjects: Long-Term International Balance (1950), Monopoly and Competition (1951), The Business Cycle in the Post-War World (1952), The Determinants of Economic Progress (1953), Wage Determination (1954), The Economics of International Migration (1955), and The Economics of Fisheries (1956).
The last Round Table on the economic problems of fisheries was organized at the request of, and in collaboration with, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Ralph Turvey, Reader in Economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London) undertook to form the programme and, in consultation with Mr F. Popper, of FAO, to find experts willing to contribute papers. These papers were circulated well in advance among the participants and the meeting was held in Rome in the summer of 1956, immediately after the first Congress of IEA.
The background papers of this Round Table are printed in this volume, together with a short résumé of the discussion, prepared by Mr Jack Wiseman, also of the London School of Economics and Political Science. Since the economic problems of fisheries have hitherto been relatively neglected by the economists, it is hoped that the studies presented here will stimulate further research in this important field.


by
Erik Lindhahl (President of the International Economic Association)

CONTENTS


PREFACE

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

INTRODUCTION by Ralph Turvey

I.   A NOTE ON COSTS IN FISHERIES
by G.M. Gerhardsen

II.   FISHERMEN'S REMUNERATION
by H. Zoeteweij

III.   OPTIMAL UTILIZAION AND THE CONTROL OF FISHERIES
by Anthony Scott

IV.   OBSTACLES TO AGREEMENT ON CONTROL IN THE FISHING INDUSTRY
by H. Scott Gordon

V.   SPECIAL PROBLEMS OF FISHERIES IN POOR COUNTRIES
by E. S. Kirby and E. F. Szczepanik

VI.   THE CONTROL OF NORTH SEA FISHERIES
by G. Lienesch

VII.   PORT MARKETS
by Ian Bowen

VIII.   THE MARKETING OF FISHERY PRODUCTS IN THE U.S.A.
by Ralph Cassady Jr.

IX.   FISH MARKETING IN ICELAND WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FOREIGN TRADE
by Olafur Björnsson