The State of Food and Agriculture 2008

THE STATE
OF FOOD
AND
AGRICULTURE
2008

BIOFUELS: prospects, risks and opportunities

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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2008



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword   (Download pdf 810 Kb)
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and acronyms

PART I - BIOFUELS: PROSPECTS RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES SERVICES

1. Introduction and key messages  (Download pdf 206 Kb)

    Agriculture and energy
    Opportunities and risks for liquid biofuels
    Biofuel policies and objectives: is there a mismatch?
    Key messages of the report

2. Biofuels and agriculture a technical overview (Download pdf 109 Kb)

    Types of biofuels
    Liquid biofuels for transport
    Biofuel feedstocks
    Biofuels and agriculture
    The biofuels life cycle: energy balances and greenhouse gas emissions
    Second-generation liquid biofuels
    Potential for bioenergy
    Key messages of the chapter

3. Economic and policy drivers of liquid biofuels (Download pdf 136 Kb)

    Biofuel markets and policies
    Underlying objectives of biofuel policies
    Policy measures affecting biofuel development
    Economic costs of biofuel policies
    Economic viability of biofuels
    Key messages of the chapter

4. Biofuel markets and policy impacts (Download pdf 111 Kb)

    Recent biofuel and commodity market developments
    Long-term projections for biofuel development
    Medium-term outlook for biofuels
    Impacts of biofuel policies
    Key messages of the chapter

5. Environmental impacts of biofuels (Download pdf 111 Kb)

    Will biofuels help mitigate climate change?
    Land-use change and intensification
    How will biofuel production affect water, soils and biodiversity?
    Can biofuels be produced on marginal lands?
    Ensuring environmentally sustainable biofuel production
    Key messages of the chapter

6. Impacts on poverty and food security (Download pdf 115 Kb)

    Food-security impacts at the national level
    Food-security impacts at the household level short-run effects
    Biofuel crop production as an impetus for agricultural growth
    Biofuel crop development: equity and gender concerns
    Key messages of the chapter

7. Policy challenges (Download pdf 82 Kb)

    Questions addressed by the report
    A framework for better biofuel policies
    Areas for policy action
    Conclusions

    Views from civil society
    Agrofuels or food sovereignty?
    Biofuels: a new opportunity for family agriculture

PART II - WORLD FOOD AND AGRICULTURE IN REVIEW (Download pdf 208 Kb)

    Agricultural commodity prices
    Agricultural production and stocks
    Trade
    Food aid and food emergency needs
    Key factors driving future prices
    Looking ahead

References (Download pdf  388 Kb)
Special chapters of The State of Food and Agriculture


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