CAPTURE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC: CURRENT STATUS AND PLANNING

FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1030

CAPTURE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC:
CURRENT STATUS AND PLANNING


by

Mairam Sarieva
Chief Fisheries Specialist
Department of Fisheries
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Mukthar Alpiev
Head of the Ichthyology and Hydrobiology Laboratory
National Academy of Science
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Raymon van Anrooy
Fishery Officer
FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia
Ankara, Turkey

John Jørgensen
Fishery Resources Officer
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Rome, Italy

and

Andy Thorpe
FAO Consultant
Andrés Mena Millar
FAO Consultant

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2008

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ISBN 978-92-5-106023-0

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© FAO 2008

Sarieva, M.; Alpiev, M.; Van Anrooy, R.; Jørgensen, J.; Thorpe, A.; Mena Millar, A.
Capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic: current status and planning.
FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 1030. Rome, FAO. 2008. 108p.

Abstract

Annual fish production in the Kyrgyz Republic (or Kyrgyzstan) has fallen significantly since independence in 1991. In 1991, fish production (inland and aquaculture) was estimated at more than 1 361 tonnes. By 2006, it had decreased to 71 tonnes. In the same period, more than 90 percent of state fish farms were privatized as part of the economic changes that followed the breakup of the former Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics.

In February 2007, the Government of Kyrgyzstan, through the Ministry of Agriculture,
Water Resources and Processing Industry (MAWRPI), requested FAO to provide technical assistance for the sustainable development and management of the fishery sector in the country. FAO, through its European Community (EC)/FAO facility for consultancy services, approved Project GCP/GLO/162/EC – Kyrgyzstan – “Development of inland fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic to reduce rural food insecurity”.

This FAO Fisheries Circular has two main aims. First, it is intended to inform those interested in fisheries and aquaculture in Kyrgyzstan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide an example of a consultative and participatory policy framework development process, which might be of use also for other countries in transition in the Central Asian region.

The documents presented here are considered as final versions and cleared as such by the Department of Fisheries (DOF) of the MAWRPI. The documents are also available in Russian language from the DOF in Bishkek.

The Review of capture Fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic is presented in Part I of this Fisheries Circular. Part II contains the final version of the Strategy for fisheries and aquaculture sector development and management in the Kyrgyz Republic (2008–2012).


Contents


Part 1 (176 Kb)

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Contents
Acknowledgements
List of acronyms


Part 2 (497 Kb)

Part I  Review of capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic
Executive summary

Chapter I Introduction

Chapter II Historical background
Fisheries and aquaculture up to independence
Capture fisheries
Fisheries management
Aquaculture
Fisheries and aquaculture 1991–2004
Institutional setting for fisheries
Aquaculture and fisheries production
Fish consumption
Chapter III The current status of fisheries and aquaculture

Natural resources and potential of the fisheries sector
Geography and climate
Rivers
Lakes
Reservoirs
Fish fauna
Inland capture fisheries
Fleet
Lakes and reservoirs
Current production of capture fisheries
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing
Recreational fisheries
Aquaculture
Restbase
Ekos International Ltd
AquaDa Ltd
Production of ornamental fish
Facilitating industries

Chapter IV Processing, marketing and trade of fish and fishery products
Fish processing and storage
Distribution and marketing of fish and fish products
Fish trade
Fish demand and consumption
Nutritional aspects of fish consumption
Food safety and fish
Part 3 (511 Kb)

Chapter V Governance and institutional frameworks
Fisheries administration
Fishery research, training and extension
Fishery statistics
Fisheries-related associations
The Hunting and Fishing Union
Kyrgyz Association of Pisciculturists
Chapter VI Policy, regulatory and management frameworks
Policies and planning
Legal and regulatory framework
International conventions
Regional agreements
Fishery management
Management
Licences and quotas
Enforcement
Chapter VII Social and economic aspects of fisheries and aquaculture
Employment
Social security of fisherfolk, aquaculturists and others engaged in the sector
State-owned
Private sector
Economics of fisheries and aquaculture
State-owned companies
Private sector
Credit and investment in fisheries and aquaculture
The role of fisheries and aquaculture in food security and poverty alleviation
Fishery and biodiversity conservation projects in Kyrgyzstan
Chapter VIII Sectoral diagnosis
Strengths
Weaknesses
Opportunities
Threats
References
Annex 1 Fisheries and aquaculture statistics
Annex 2 The fish species of Kyrgyzstan and their distribution
Annex 3 Map of the Kyrgyz Republic
Annex 4 Charter of the Kyrgyz Association of Pisciculturists
Annex 5 The Fishery Law, 1997
Annex 6 Poverty levels in Kyrgyzstan
Part 4 (267 Kb)

Part II  Strategy for fisheries and aquaculture sector development and management
in the Kyrgyz Republic (20082012)

Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Processing Industry, Bishkek
January 2008

Chapter I Introduction
Chapter II The need for a strategy
The policy and strategy development process
The strategic planning process
The purpose of the strategy
Chapter III Summary overview of fisheries and aquaculture in Kyrgyzstan
Chapter IV The long-term vision
Chapter V The guiding principles
Chapter VI The time frame
Chapter VII Monitoring mechanism
Chapter VIII Implementation mechanism
Chapter IX Overall goals
Chapter X Development objectives
Chapter XI Specific objectives
Development Objective No. 1. Review and update fishery legislation
to introduce reforms enabling modern fishery and aquaculture management
and development

Development Objective No. 2. Ensure the protection and responsible
management of fishery resources in Kyrgyzstan

Development Objective No. 3. Ensure implementation and further
development of the restocking programme

Development Objective No. 4. Develop diversified and multipurpose
fisheries and aquaculture enterprises

Development Objective No. 5. Improve the market supply chain and
processing of fishery products, and ensure the safety and quality of these
products

Chapter XII Performance indicators
Annex A Priority Fisheries and Aquaculture Action Plan