AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT - 3. Genetic resource management

FAO TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES
5 Suppl. 3

AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT

3. Genetic resource management


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2008

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Table of Contents

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ISBN 978-92-5-106045-2
ISSN 1020-5292

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© FAO 2008

FAO. 2008. Aquaculture development. 3. Genetic resource management.
FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 5, Suppl. 3. Rome, FAO. 2008. 125p

ABSTRACT

These Technical Guidelines have been developed to support sections of the FAOs Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries on aspects of genetic resource management in aquaculture. Guidance is provided on broodstock management and domestication, genetic improvement programmes, dissemination programmes for genetically improved fish, economic considerations in genetic improvement programmes, risk assessment and monitoring, culture based fisheries, conservation of fish genetic resources, gene banks, a precautionary approach and public relations. The effective management of genetic resources, risk assessment and monitoring can help promote responsible aquaculture by increasing production output and efficiency and help minimize adverse impacts on the environment. These benefits of the responsible application of genetic principles to aquaculture should be communicated to consumers, policy-makers, scientists and others interested in responsible fisheries and aquaculture.


Contents


PART 1 (Download 345 kb)

Preparation of this document 
Abstract
List of contributors
Background

PART 2 (Download 607 kb)

1  Introduction
1.1   Value of genetic diversity and the need for genetic resource management
1.2   Relevant articles of the Code

2  International setting

3  Broodstock Management: Inbreeding, Genetic drift and Domestication
3.1   Introduction
3.2   Inbreeding
3.3   Genetic drift
3.4   Domestication
3.5   Constraints and opportunities

4  Genetic improvement methodologies in aquaculture ity
4.1   Introduction
4.2   Genetic improvement in aquaculture
4.3   Approaches to genetic improvement
4.4   The current status of genetic improvement and future scenarios

PART 3 (Download 594 kb)

5  Dissemination of genetically improved strains and material transfer agreements
5.1   Introduction
5.2   Transfer of an improved strain to another country
5.3   Dissemination of an improved strain within a country as part of a
        rational aquaculture development strategy
5.4   Discussion
Annex 5.1 Material Transfer Agreement

6  Economic considerations relevant to genetic improvement programmes
6.1   Evidence about genetic improvement
6.2   Limiting factors to the widespread adoption of the technology
6.3   Breeding objectives
6.4   Costs and benefits of a genetic improvement programme
6.5   Factors affecting the economic benefit and the benefit/cost ratio of genetic
        improvement programmes
6.6   General usefulness of the results
6.7   Positioning the base parameter values in a real life context
6.8   Sensitivity analysis
6.9   Chance of success
6.10 Concluding remarks

7  Risk asesment and monitoring in genetic improvement programes
7.1   Introduction
7.2   The Code of Conduct
7.3   Principles
7.4   Assessing genetic effects
7.5   Assessing ecological effects
7.6   Uncertainty analysis
7.7   Ecological risk management
7.8   Constraints and opportunities
7.9   Conclusion

8  Culture-based fisheries
8.1   General principles
8.2   Genetic resource management plan for culture-based fisheries
8.3   Monitoring, assessments and reporting

PART 4 (Download 491 kb)

9  Conservation of wild fish genetic resources and aquaculture
9.1   Introduction
9.2   Wild fish genetic resources
9.3   Importance for aquaculture
9.4   Approaches to management
9.5   Information
9.6   Conservation aquaculture for endangered fish
9.7   Summary

10  Banking aquatic genetic resources
10.1  Introduction
10.2  In situ and ex situ gene banks
10.3  History
10.4  Guidance on banks of cryopreserved gametes and embryos
10.5  Guidance on living gene banks (broodstock collections)
10.6  Data management
10.7  Policy implications
10.8  Establishing an aquatic gene bank

11 A precautionary approach
11.1 An approach
11.2 Conclusions

12 Public relations and consumer awareness
12.1  Introduction
12.2  Communication strategy
12.3  Conclusion

Annex 1  Nairobi Declaration