Scoping agriculture – wetland interactions
FAO WATER REPORTS 33

FAO WATER REPORTS 33

Scoping agriculture –
wetland interactions

Towards a sustainable multiple-response strategy

Coordinated and edited by

Adrian Wood

and

Gerardo E. van Halsema


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 2008
 
Table of Contents

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 978-92-5-106059-9
ISSN 1020-1203

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Contents
585 kb

Contents
List of tables
List of figures
List of boxes
Documents available on CD-ROM viii
Summary
Acknowledgements
List of acronyms and abbreviations

176 kb

General introduction to the report
Section I – Agriculture–wetland interactions
1. Exploring agriculture–wetland interactions: a framework for analysis

Wetlands – diversity and definition

Definitions and typologies
Global diversity and distribution of wetlands

Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services concept
Application and relevance of the ecosystem service concept to the GAWI initiative
Wetland change dynamics
Wetland formation and loss under natural conditions
Global change in wetlands, patterns and rates
Key driving forces – their diversity globally and by wetland type
Agriculture and wetland interactions
In situ interactions
External interactions (basin interactions)
Nature of agriculture–wetland interactions
Relevance for the GAWI project
MA and CA perspectives on wetlands and agriculture
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)
Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture (CA)
Conclusions for the GAWI initiative
Livelihoods, poverty reduction and wetland stakeholders
Livelihoods and poverty reduction
Local-level stakeholders
National-level stakeholders
International community and wetlands
Relevance to the GAWI initiative

Conclusions

95 kb
2. Methods and sources
Acquiring the case studies
Sources
Methodological limitations
Analysing agriculture–wetland interactions
The DPSIR framework
Elements of the DPSIR framework
Applying the DPSIR framework to case studies
Analysing the cases
Checklists
Database, coding and analysis
Reflections
212 kb 3. Assessment of agriculture–wetland interactions across the case database
The case database
Drivers
Driver groups
Individual drivers
Pressures
Pressure groups
Individual pressures
State changes
State change groups
Individual state changes
Impacts
Impacts groups
Individual impacts
Responses
DPSIR level of responses
Actors responding
Discussion
202 kb

Section II – Case studies
4. Small swamp wetlands in southwest Ethiopia

Drivers
Pressures
State changes
Impacts
Responses
The value of the dpsir analysis in Illubabor
Wider considerations
Conclusions

156 kb 5. Revitalizing regulating services: the Netherlandsfloodplain policy
Floodplain cases from Europe
The common EU policy context
River floodplains and revitalization of flood retention capacity
Drivers
Pressures
State changes
Impacts
Responses
Conclusions
156 kb 6. Oil-palm estate development in Southeast Asia: consequences for peat swamp forests and livelihoods in Indonesia
Drivers
Pressures
State changes
Impacts
Responses
Conclusions
184 kb 7. Agriculture in tropical river basins – impacts on aquatic lagoon and estuary ecosystems
Overview of key characteristics
Case studies
Drivers
Pressures
State changes
Impacts
Responses
Conclusions
181 kb 8. Integrated rice and fish culture/capture in the lower Songkhram River basin, northeast Thailand
Drivers
Pressures
State changes
Impacts
Responses
Value of the dpsir analysis
Conclusions
227 kbSection III – Responses and guidance
9. Response scenarios

Responses in the context of the DPSIR analysis
Characteristics of response scenarios
Specific cases of successful response scenarios
Conservation
Livelihood development and conservation
Water resources and river basin planning
Market, PES and financial mechanisms
Response scenarios and facilitating circumstances
Conclusions
94 kb10. From analysis to guidance
Aims and context of the GAWI initiative
Problems, scope and “issues” of skewed ecosystem services in AWIs
Scoping out rebalancing options
Diversifying provisioning services
Diversifying into other ecosystem services for livelihood benefits
Functional and strategic planning at basin scale
Scope for gawi guidance
Towards guidance
106 kbReferences
802 kb Annexes
1. Ramsar COP Resolution VIII
2. Checklist format
3. Coding for database
4. List of case studies
5. Tables of individual DPSI elements
592 kbFAO Water Reports List

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