3. Managing fishing capacity

4 Suppl. 3


3. Managing fishing capacity

Rome, 2008

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Table of Contents

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ISBN 978-92-5-106062-9
ISSN 1020-5292

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© FAO 2008

FAO. Fisheries management. 3. Managing fishing capacity. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 4, Suppl. 3. Rome, FAO. 2008. 104p


Overcapacity is a key factor contributing to the decline in many of the world’s fisheries. The FAO International Plan of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity (IPOA-Capacity) encourages States to address this problem through capacity management in order to align fishing capacity with the sustainable use of their fish stocks.

The purpose of these Guidelines is to aid stakeholders and fisheries managers in the development of National and Regional Plans of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity.

The Guidelines provide information of the effects of different management programmes on capacity and outline the key concepts and techniques involved in monitoring, measuring and assessing capacity. The Guidelines also outline actions of States in conformance with the IPOA-Capacity.


PART 1 (Download 337 kb)

Preparation of this document 
List of tables, figures and boxes
Acronyms and abbreviations

PART 2 (Download 644 kb)

1  Introduction
1.1   Overexploitation in world fisheries
1.2   The International Plan of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity
1.3   Objectives of these Guidelines

2  Basic concepts
2.1   Why look at capacity?
2.2   Definitions of key concepts
2.3   Causes of overcapacity
2.4   The dynamic nature of fishing capacity

3  Developing a Plan of Action for Managing Fishing Capacity
3.1   Specification of objectives and goals of capacity management
3.2   Stakeholder engagement
3.3   Assessment of target and current capacity
3.4   Management instruments and actions to achieve target capacity
3.5   Monitoring and data requirements

4  Assessing, measuring and monitoring capacity
4.1   Defining a fishery
4.2   Simple fishery case
4.3   More complicated fisheries

5  Managing fishing capacity: management measures and their effects
5.1   Capacity management, effort management and fisheries management
5.2   Types of fisheries management measures and their relationship with
         fishing capacity
5.3   Subsidies
5.4   Stakeholder participation
5.5   International considerations

6  Transitional considerations for capacity reduction
6.1   Allocation and distributional issues
6.2   Social considerations
6.3   Legal considerations
6.4   Financial Considerations
6.5   Political and institutional considerations
6.6   Management and managerial considerations
6.7   Natural disasters

7  Building institutional capacity
7.1   Training needs
7.2   Research needs
7.3   Scientific cooperation
7.4   Physical capital
7.5   Legal frameworks

8  Summary of key actions


PART 3 (Download 263 kb)

Appendix 1: FAO International plan of action for the management of fishing capacity
Part I - Nature and Scope of the International Plan of Action
Part II - Objective and Principles
Part III - Urgent Actions
Part IV - Mechanisms to Promote Implementation

Appendix 2: FAO reports linked to the IPOA-Capacity (1999-2007)

Appendix 3: Different management systems and their implications for capacity
3.1 Incentive-blocking programmes
3.2 Incentive-adjusting programmes

Appendix 4: Capacity utilization and efficiency: a primer