Biosecurity for Highly
Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Issues and options

FAO Animal Production
and Health Paper
No. 165

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza, like any disease spread primarily through human activities, is susceptible to biosecurity control measures along the production and marketing chain. It is this that makes biosecurity such an important tool for the control and eradication of H5N1 HPAI. And, because it is human-mediated, the focus must be on changing the behaviours of people in such a way that the risk of disease transmission is decreased.

There is no technical barrier to biosecurity in theory, but its successful application requires understanding of the structure and problems of the poultry sector. Biosecurity for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza: Issues and options aims to set biosecurity in the context of the field situation and to propose options for its improvement.




      Table of contents



      Acknowledgements
      Acronyms and abbreviations

      Summary

      Introduction

      Methodology

      1. The importance of biosecurity for HPAI

        The fundamental principles of biosecurity
        The basic principles of disease control
        How H5N1 HPAI is maintained and spread

      2. General issues of biosecurity for HPAI

        Structure of the domestic poultry and captive bird sector
        Applicability of commonly recommended biosecurity measures
        The practical design of biosecurity
        Communication issues

      3. Specific issues and options

        Large-scale commercial producers (sectors 1 and 2)
        Small-scale commercial producers (sector 3)
        Hatcheries
        Keepers of scavenging poultry (sector 4)
        Domestic duck keepers
        Live-bird markets
        Intermediaries and service providers
        Poultry fanciers, keepers of fighting cocks, exotic birds and birds of prey
        Hunters

      Conclusions

      Annexes

        1. Reports
        2. Manuals
        3. Selected bibliography



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