Farm ponds for water, fish and livelihoods

FAO DIVERSIFICATION BOOKLET 13

Farm ponds
for water, fish
and livelihoods



James W. Miller


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Rome, 2009


ABSTRACT

AQUACULTURE HAS BEEN RECOGNIZED AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AIMED AT IMPROVING FOOD SUPPLY AND GENERATING MORE INCOME FOR POOR FARMING HOUSEHOLDS. Ponds add value to farming activities: water from ponds can serve domestic and livestock water supplies as well as irrigation for crops. Raising fish is an obvious use for a farm pond; it adds value to the water and provides improved nutrition for farm families.

This booklet provides basic and practical information on multiple-use smallholder farm ponds. Information is provided on the role of development organizations, opportunities for and pitfalls of providing assistance, direct and indirect support required, and the strategic and technical challenges of making farmers self-reliant. It suggests ways by which smallholder farmers can participate in the market economy through better market access and outlines strategies to attract the private sector to do business with smallholders.


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

ISBN 978-92-5-106141-1

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