A Review and Synthesis of Capture Fisheries Data in Thailand

 

RAP PUBLICATION 2008/17 

 

A REVIEW AND SYNTHESIS OF CAPTURE FISHERIES DATA IN THAILAND

LARGE VERSUS SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES

D. Lymer, S. Funge-Smith, P. Khemakorn,
S. Naruepon & S. Ubolratana

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
Bangkok, 2008


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ISBN 978-92-5-106182-4

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© FAO 2010

For copies please write to:

The Senior Fishery Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
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For bibliographic purposes, please reference this publication as:

Lymer, D., Funge-smith, S., Khemakorn, P., Naruepon, S. & Ubolratana, S. (2008). A review and synthesis of capture fisheries data in Thailand – Large versus small-scale fisheries. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand. RAP Publication 2008/17, 51 pp.

TABLE OF CONTENT

FOREWORD

THAILANDíS CAPTURE FISHERIES

INLAND FISHERIES

NATIONAL FISHERIES STATISTICS

REVIEWED GROSS PROVINCIAL PRODUCT (GPP) SURVEY IN THE FISHERIES SECTOR

FRAMEWORK FOR PREPARATION OF A NATIONAL SYNTHESIS ON INLAND CAPTURE FISHING IN THAILAND

DATA SETS USED IN THE ESTIMATION

INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES PRODUCTION ESTIMATION

PARTICIPATION IN INLAND FISHERIES SECTOR

SAMPLING OF FISHING HOUSEHOLDS

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTION

AN ESTIMATION OF INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES PRODUCTION

POTENTIAL SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE GPP PROCESS

MARINE FISHERIES

REPORTED DATA

DISPOSITION OF PRODUCTION

FISHING UNITS (BOATS AND CREW)

THAI CAPTURE FISHERIES OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL EEZ

EEZ OF INDONESIA

NORTH OF SUMATRA ISLAND, IN THE STRAIT OF MALACCA AREA

THE SOUTH CHINA SEA, IN NATUNA ISLANDS AREA

THE ARAFURA SEA

EEZ OF MYANMAR

JOINT VENTURE PROGRAMME

Fishing Access Programme

SUMMARY AND SYNTHESIS

CAPTURE FISHERIES — REPORTED DATA

CAPTURE FISHERIES — ESTIMATED DATA

INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES

MARINE CAPTURE FISHERIES

Capture fisheries outside the national EEZ

SYNTHESIS

REFERENCES

APPENDIX I – INLAND FISHERIES PRODUCTION

APPENDIX II – INLAND FISHERIES

APPENDIX III – CALCULATION – MARINE CAPTURE FISHERIES

MARINE PRODUCTION OF LSF

MARINE PRODUCTION OF SSF

APPENDIX IV – CALCULATION – INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES

INLAND FISHERIES PRODUCTION AT FRESHWATER LANDING PLACES

INLAND FISHERIES PRODUCTION FROM FRESHWATER NATURAL RESERVOIRS

INLAND FISHERIES PRODUCTION FROM POND TRAPS

TABLES

Table 1     Fish and seafood consumption per capita per year (kilogram)

Table 2     Population, economic contribution of inland captures fisheries and habitats important for inland capture fisheries production

Table 3     The major systems of inland fisheries habitats in Thailand included in the analysis

Table 4     Total inland capture fisheries (1 000 tonnes) in Thailand from 1981 to 2005

Table 5     Average, median household production of all sampled households and average household production of small-scale and middle-scale to large-scale fishing households and inland fisheries production estimation (tonnes)

Table 6     Reported and estimated production from inland capture fisheries

Table 7     Gear-based division between large-scale and small-scale fisheries

Table 8     Landed production of marine capture fisheries by fishing gears in Thailand 2004

Table 9     Landed production and value of marine capture fisheries by species in Thailand, 2004 (values in 1 000 Baht)

Table 10   Disposition of marine production by type of fish and type of fish processing plant, 2004 (tonnes)

Table 11   Quantity of trash fish used for fish meal production, 1987 to 2004 (tonnes)

Table 12   Cost and income of marine capture fisheries sectors in Thailand

Table 13   Number of fishing units, households and fishers of marine capture fisheries in Thailand

Table 14   Number of Thai boats fishing in the EEZs of other coastal states, 2006

Table 15   Production of marine capture fisheries outside of Thai waters, 2004

Table 16   Sensitivity analysis of estimated inland capture figure using biomass estimates

Table 17   Summary of Thailandís capture fisheries divided into large- and small-scale fisheries

FIGURES

Figure 1     Map of 25 major river basins in Thailand

Figure 2     Fisheries production by sector, 1985 to 2004

Figure 3     Production and value of 12 important species of inland capture fisheries obtained from natural reservoirs, freshwater landing places and pond traps, 2003

Figure 4     Composition of inland capture fisheries by species 2004

Figure 5     Total households and fishing households in Thailand and by region

Figure 6     Distribution of fishing household in Thailand

Figure 7     Distribution of household production of total 2 215 sampled fishing households

Figure 8     Distribution of production of sampled households

Figure 9     Distribution of household production by region

Figure 10   Distribution of production of sampled households divided into four regions

Figure 11   Distribution of production of sampled households based on the utilization of production

Figure 12   Distribution of production of sampled households divided into two groups based on amount of fish caught

Figure 13   Production of top five fishing gears of marine capture fisheries by subsector, 2004

Figure 14   Composition of marine capture production by subsector, 2004

Figure 15   Production and value of top 15 species group (by production) of marine capture fisheries for the LSF subsector, 2004

Figure 16   Composition of marine capture value by subsector, 2004

Figure 17   Production and value of the top 15 species group (by production) of marine capture fisheries for the SSF subsector, 2004