Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Thesaurus

ASFIS REFERENCE SERIES, No. 6 Revision 3 - ASFIS-6 (Rev. 3)

AQUATIC SCIENCES AND FISHERIES INFORMATION SYSTEM

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Thesaurus

Descriptors Used in the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System

Originally compiled by
E. Fagetti
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fisheries Department, Rome, Italy
D.W. Privett
Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Wormley, Godalming, Surrey, United Kingdom
J.R.L. Sears
Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, Bethesda, MD, United States of America

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome 2009

CONTENTS

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© FAO 2009

 

PREFACE

The publications comprising the ASFIS Reference Series define the rules, authority lists, formats, codes and procedures on which the ASFIS system is based, and therefore they are intended to ensure the consistency necessary for the computer processing and the uniformity within the resulting ASFIS information products. This Thesaurus is the "authority list" which indexers use to choose subject descriptors while preparing references for inclusion in the ASFA bibliographic database (the ASFA bibliographic database is the principal information module or output of the ASFIS system).

The Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) is an international, cooperative information system dealing with the science, technology and management relating to marine, brackish water and freshwater organisms and environments, including their socio-economic and legal aspects. The system is maintained jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of Unesco (IOC), United Nations/Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (UN/DOALOS) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with the collaboration of numerous international and national institutes and organizations world-wide (i.e. the ASFIS/ASFA Partners). The ASFIS system's main output is the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA) bibliographic database containing more than a 1 million references with abstracts and indexing, accessioned since 1971 (and earlier for specific subjects, journals or areas). Upwards of 4000 references are added to the database each month.

The references or input to the ASFA bibliographic database are prepared by a network of National, and International ASFA Partners, including the ASFA Publisher (ProQuest). The bibliographic references are sent to the Publisher where they are processed by computer and merged to create a master file (i.e. the ASFA database). The ASFA database is made available to the ASFA Partners in various formats or media (e.g. Internet, CD/DVD Rom, printed abstracts journals) for use as a source of data for local or national information services. The database is also made commercially available by ProQuest to the general public.

The bibliographic reference for each document in the ASFA database contains: 1) a detailed bibliographic citation, 2) an abstract; and 3) a set of indexing terms. The identification of the data elements making up the bibliographic citation, the writing of the abstract, and the choice of the indexing terms is the responsibility of the ASFA Partner. Computer based information systems operate most successfully when the input (in this case bibliographic references) is prepared with a high degree of consistency and accuracy. This is true for any computer based system, but it is even more important in an international system like ASFA in which the preparation of input is highly decentralized. In order to attain the desired level of consistency and accuracy, it is necessary that all of the persons submitting references for inclusion in the ASFA database are trained in using a standardized: cataloguing, abstracting and indexing procedure.

The purpose of this Thesaurus is to assist the indexers, in the participating ASFA Partner institutes, in consistently choosing the most appropriate subject descriptors while preparing bibliographic references for inclusion in the ASFA database. Of course, the Thesaurus is also of use to the "searcher" of the ASFA database, and it is included as a tool or search aid in the interfaces to the computer searchable versions of the ASFA database.

For further information on ASFA, see the ASFA Home page (http://www.fao.org/fi/asfa/asfa.asp) and, in particular, the FAQ page http://www.fao.org/fi/asfa/faq/faq.asp

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (1986 Edition)

Compilation of this extensive terminology would not have been possible without the willing support of all personnel involved over many years in the development and production of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA). This support by past and present members of the ASFA Advisory Board and indexing staff whose names are listed on the editorial pages of ASFA is gratefully acknowledged. Thanks are also due to many specialists in the FAO Fisheries Department, in the Institute of Oceanographic Sciences at Wormley, UK and in the Institute of Offshore Engineering, UK, who have suggested descriptors and defined concepts relevant to their fields of speciality.

To the compilers of this edition of the Thesaurus goes the credit for their unique and valuable achievement. The enormous task of structuring the terminology for the aquatic biology, biological oceanography, and living resource aspects was undertaken by Dr. Elda Fagetti of the FAO Fisheries Department; her dedicated efforts launched the development of this Thesaurus on a sound foundation. The entries relevant to the expanded scope of ASFA into physical oceanography, ocean technology and non-living resource aspects were added by Dr. D.W. Privett of the UK Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Wormley, working under contract to FAO. To Mr. J.R.L. Sears of Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, Bethesda, MD., USA, goes the credit for suggesting a large number of descriptors and editing online the final print version of this Thesaurus. In addition to the compilers, acknowledgement goes to Arnold Myers (Institute of Offshore En-gineering, IOE) who contributed to the vocabulary in marine technology; to Cinda Yates Gainch (Division of the Unesco Libraries, Archives and Documentation Services), who adapted the SPINES software to the ASFIS Thesaurus requirements and carried out the initial computerisation process.

Last but not least in this list of names go acknowledgements to Mr. E.F. AkyŁz, Chief, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, FAO, who made possible the realisation of this Thesaurus, to Mr. R. Needham, head of the Research Information Unit which is responsible for development of all of the ASFIS Reference Series, and to the ASFA staff of the same unit who in one way or another were involved in this lengthy task, particularly Mrs. Giovanna Sebastiani-Corbellini and Mrs. Luciana Lombardi-Gianandrea, for their invaluable and patient help at the keyboarding and proofreading stages of the Thesaurus.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (2000 Edition)

Adding to the difficult task of updating a Thesaurus, the compiler of this edition (Ms Julia. Hudson, IDC Consultants, Ottawa, Canada) took up the task following many years in which the Thesaurusís maintenance was left pending. During this revision (which was never formally published), the Thesaurus maintenance was moved to the OECD thesaurus management software (OECD's Multilingual Thesaurus Manager, MTM). Discussion and voting on the terms was undertaken by the ASFA Thesaurus Working Group then comprised of: Richard. Pepe (FAO, ASFA Secretariat, Italy), Angela Hitti (CSA, USA), Jacqueline Prodíhomme (IFREMER, France) and Wulf. Kirchner (BF, Germany).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (2009 Edition)

Periodic revisions to subject terminologies are required as the discipline continues to develop and mature.

The 2009 Edition (Revision 3) incorporates some 200 further entries compiled from two draft lists of amended and new terms. The first list was the collation of the suggestions sent by ASFA Partners. The second was drawn up by the FAO ASFA Secretariat from a review of the FAO Fisheries Glossary. The major work of compiling, circulating and coordinating these lists was undertaken by Ms Linda Noble (National Marine Biological Library, Plymouth, UK) and Ms Helen Wibley (ASFA Secretariat, Rome, Italy). Discussion and voting on the terms was undertaken by the ASFA Thesaurus Working Group which was re-established at the 2006 ASFA Board meeting. The members of this Group were Richard Pepe and Helen Wibley (FAO, ASFA Secretariat), Craig Emerson and Vicki Soto (ProQuest), Linda Noble (NMBL/UK), Jacqueline Prodíhomme (IFREMER) and Ian Pettman (FBA/UK).

The thesaurus revision was carried out by Ian Pettman (Freshwater Biological Association, The Ferry Landing, Ambleside, Cumbria, U.K) using the MultiTes Pro thesaurus software. Acknowledgment goes to the efforts of Ian Pettman, who, besides incorporating the revisions and making the necessary structural adjustments, also provided outputs for the print version of the Thesaurus and for other computer formats (XML, OWL and SKOS) for various other potential future applications (e.g. ontologies, GIS).

CONTENTS


PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

INTRODUCTION

IMPROVING THE UTILITY AND DIFFUSION OF FISHERIES STATISTICAL DATA AMONG RECOFI MEMBERS

1. PURPOSE AND COVERAGE OF ASFIS THESAURUS

2. RULES AND CONVENTIONS

3. SELECTION AND DEFINITION OF TERMS

4. SPECIFICITY AND PRE-COORDINATION

5. COMPUTER LOADING, CHECKING AND DEVELOPMENT

6. THESAURUS CLASSIFICATION, STRUCTURE AND NOTATION

7. GUIDELINES FOR TERM SELECTION BY USER

8. BIBLIOGRAPHY

9. THESAURUS TERMS

10. ASFA THESAURUS TERMINOLOGY CONTROL FORM