December 2009  
 Food Outlook
  Global Market Analysis

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MARKET SUMMARIES

CEREALS

WHEAT

COARSE GRAINS

RICE

CASSAVA

OILSEEDS, OILS AND MEALS

SUGAR

MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS

OCEAN FREIGHT RATES

Special features

Appendix tables

Market indicators

The FAO price Indices

NOTES

NOTES

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General

    FAO estimates and forecasts are based on official and unofficial sources.

    Unless otherwise stated, all charts and tables refer to FAO data as source.

    Estimates of world imports and exports may not always match, mainly because shipments and deliveries do not necessarily occur in the same marketing year.

    Tonnes refer to tonnes.

    All totals are computed from unrounded data.

    Regional totals may include estimates for countries not listed. The countries shown in the tables were chosen based on their importance of either production or trade in each region. The totals shown for Central America include countries in the Caribbean.

    Estimates for China also include those for the Taiwan Province, Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR, unless otherwise stated.

    Up to 2006 or 2006/07, the European Union includes 25 Member States. From 2007 or 2007/08 onwards, the European Union includes 27 Member States.

    '-' means nil or negligible.

Production

    Cereals: Data refer to the calendar year in which the whole harvest or bulk of harvest takes place.

    Sugar: Figures refer to centrifugal sugar derived from sugar cane or beet, expressed in raw equivalents. Data relate to the October/September season.

Utilization

    Cereals: Data are on individual country's marketing year basis.

    Sugar: Figures refer to centrifugal sugar derived from sugar cane or beet, expressed in raw equivalents. Data relate to the October/September season .

Trade

    Trade between European Union Member States is excluded, unless otherwise stated.

    Wheat: Trade data include wheat flour in wheat grain equivalent. The time reference period is July/June, unless otherwise stated.

    Coarse grains: The time reference period is July/June, unless otherwise stated.

    Rice, dairy and meat products: The time reference period is January/December.

    Oilseeds, oils and fats and meals and sugar: The time reference period is October/September, unless otherwise stated.

Stocks

    Cereals: Data refer to carryovers at the close of national crop seasons ending in the year shown.

COUNTRY CLASSIFICATION

In the presentation of statistical material, countries are subdivided according to geographical location as well as into the following two main economic groupings: " developed countries" (including the developed market economies and the transition markets) and " developing countries" (including the developing market economies and the Asia centrally planned countries). The designation "Developed" and "Developing" economies is intended for statistical convenience and does not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

References are also made to special country groupings: Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs), Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The LIFDCs include 77 countries that are net importers of basic foodstuffs with per caput income below the level used by the World Bank to determine eligibility for International Development Aid (IDA) assistance (i.e. USD 1 735 in 2006). The LDCs group currently includes 50 countries with low income as well as weak human resources and low level of economic diversification. The list is reviewed every three years by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.

DISCLAIMER

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Food Outlook is issued under the Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture, by collaboration among services of the Trade and Markets Division and other FAO units. The International Grain Council contributes the Ocean Freight Rates section. Food Outlook provides information on latest developments in agricultural markets and sets the global and regional commodity production, utilization, trade and price context for food security. It is published twice a year in May/June and November/December. This issue is based on information available up to November 2009.

Enquiries should be directed to:

Ms C. Calpe

Trade and Markets Division, FAO - Rome

Facsimile: +39-06-5705-4495, e-mail: giews1@fao.org


FAO World Food Situation Portal

High food prices and market uncertainties have become a major global concern. As a result, access to up-to-date information and analysis is becoming increasingly important. FAO has created an internet portal that brings together all relevant studies produced by the Organization with the view to facilitate research on the current developments in world food markets. The portal, named World Food Situation, is accessible from the FAO main Web page at: www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation

 GIEWS   The Global Information and Early Warning System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
 

GIEWS continuously monitors crop prospects and the food security situation at global, regional, national and sub-national levels and warns of impending food difficulties and emergencies. Established in the wake of world food crisis of the early 1970's, the GIEWS maintains a unique data base on all aspects of food supply and demand for every country of the world. The System regularly provides policy makers and the international community with up-to-date and accurate information so that timely interventions can be planned and suffering avoided.

 

GIEWS continuously monitors crop prospects and the food security situation at global, regional, national and subnational levels and warns of impending food difficulties and emergencies.

Established in the wake of the world food crisis of the early 1970s, GIEWS maintains a unique database on all aspects of food supply and demand for every country of the world. The system regularly provides policy-makers and the international community with up-to-date and accurate information so that timely interventions can be planned and suffering avoided.

Food Outlook and other GIEWS reports are available on the internet as part of the FAO WorldWide Web (www.fao.org) at the following URL address: http://www.fao.org/giews.
In addition, some of the GIEWS regular reports can be received by e-mail through automatic mailing lists: subscription information is available at http://www.fao.org/giews/english/listserv.htm. Other relevant commodity studies, technical documents and featured publications on a wide range of topical issues are available on the FAO Trade and Markets Division Web site at: http://www.fao.org/es/esc/en/index.html.

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GIEWS   global information and early warning system on food and agriculture