Inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Uzbekistan: current status and planning

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1030/1

INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN: CURRENT STATUS AND PLANNING


by

Bakhtiyor Karimov
Head of the Laboratory of Hydroecology and Fisheries
Institute of Water Problems
Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences
Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Bakhtiyor Kamilov
Senior Researcher
Uzbekistan Research Center for the Development of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
Tashkent, the Republic of Uzbekistan

Maroti Upare
FAO Consultant

Raymon van Anrooy
Fishery Officer
FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia
Ankara, Turkey

Pedro Bueno
International Consultant

Dilmurod Shokhimardonov
Deputy Director
Uzbekistan Research Center for the Development of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
Tashkent, the Republic of Uzbekistan

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2009

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© FAO 2009

Karimov, B.; Kamilov, B.; Upare, M.; Van Anrooy, R.; Bueno, P.; Shokhimardonov, D.
Inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Uzbekistan: current status and planning.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1030/1. Rome, FAO. 2009. 124 p.

Abstract

The fisheries sector in the Republic of Uzbekistan (or Uzbekistan), composed of inland capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors, has a potentially important role in the development of the rural economy of the country. However, in recent years the sector’s contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP) was less than 0.1 percent. In spite of vast water resources available for fisheries-sector development (ponds, reservoirs, lakes, rivers, irrigation canals), fish production declined significantly from 27 200 tonnes in 1991, the year of independence of Uzbekistan from the former Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, to 7 200 tonnes in 2006. Imports of fish and fish products decreased as well. As a consequence, per capita consumption of fish and fish products decreased to less than 500 g in 2006, which means a reduction of over 90 percent in comparison with the 5–6 kg per capita consumption of fish in the late 1980s. In July 2007 the Government of Uzbekistan, through its Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan, requested assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), under its Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP), for the sustainable development and management of the fisheries sector in the country. FAO approved the project “Development of strategic partnerships in support of responsible fisheries and aquaculture development in Uzbekistan”, TCP/UZB/3103 (D), in August 2007. This FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular has two main aims. First, it intends to inform those interested in inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in Uzbekistan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide the results of a participatory policy and strategy framework development process, which might be of use also for other countries in transition in the Central Asian region. The two documents presented in this Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular are considered final versions and cleared as such by the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan. They are also available in the Russian language from the ministry. The document entitled “Review of the current status of inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Uzbekistan” is presented in Part I of this circular. The document entitled the “Conception of aquaculture and capture fisheries development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 2008–2016” is contained in Part II.


Contents



Preparation of this document  (Download pdf 115 kb)
Abstract
Acknowledgements
List of acronyms

PART I  (Download pdf 895 kb - pdf 592 kb)

REVIEW OF THE CURRENT STATUS OF INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES
AND AQUACULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN


Executive summary

Chapter I  – Introduction

Chapter II –  Historical background

Fisheries and aquaculture up to independence in 1991
Fisheries and aquaculture after independence and until 2006
Chapter III – The current status of capture fisheries and aquaculture
Natural resources and the potential of the fisheries sector
Marine capture fisheries
Inland capture fisheries
Recreational fishing
Aquaculture
Facilitating industries
Chapter IV – Processing, marketing and trade of fish and fish products since 2005
Fish processing and storage
Distribution and marketing of fish and fish products
Importation and exportation of fish and fish products
Fish demand and consumption
Chapter V – Governance and institutional frameworks
Fisheries administration
Fishery training, research and extension
Fishery statistics
Fisheries- and aquaculture-related unions, cooperatives, associations and other
   fisheries-linked institutions
International cooperation in fisheries development and management
Chapter VI – Policy, regulatory and management frameworks
Fisheries and aquaculture policies and planning
Fisheries legal and regulatory framework
Fishery management
Chapter VII – Social and economic aspects of fisheries and aquaculture
Fisheries and aquaculture employment
Social security of fishers, aquaculturists and other workers engaged in the sector
Economics of fisheries and aquaculture
Credit and investment in fisheries and aquaculture
The role of fisheries and aquaculture in food security and poverty alleviation
Chapter VIII – Sectoral diagnosis
Strengths
Weaknesses
Opportunities
Threats
References

Annexes
1.   The dynamics of fish production in Uzbekistan, 1980–2006
2.   Fish fauna in Uzbekistan
3.   Prices of some ornamental fish species in a Tashkent market in Uzbekistan, October 2007
4.   Enactment No. 350 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan
        “On measures to  remove monopolies and to privatize the fishery sector”
5.   Hunting and Fish Catching Regulations on the Territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan
6.   The Law on Farms of the Republic of Uzbekistan

PART II  (Download pdf 136 kb )

CONCEPTION OF AQUACULTURE AND CAPTURE FISHERIES
DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN, 2008–2016


Chapter I – Introduction
The national development context
Project FAO UN TCP/UZB/3103(D)
Chapter II – The policy
Justification for the policy
Long-term vision
Definitions
Mission of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
Guiding principles
Chapter III – The strategic plan
Time frame
Implementation mechanism
Monitoring mechanism
Overall goals
Development objectives
Specific objectives
Activities
The prognosis of the development of the fisheries sector in Uzbekistan in light of
   the suggested strategy (2008–2016)
Annexes
1.   Logical framework for the strategic plan
2.   Terms of reference: Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Uzbekistan
3.   Terms of reference: the Multisectoral Monitoring and Evaluation Committee