A livelihoods analysis of coastal fisheries communities in Liberia.

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1043

A livelihoods analysis of coastal fisheries communities in Liberia.

by
Moustapha Kebe
FAO Livelihoods Expert
Dakar, Senegal


Petter Jern
Socio-Economist FAO FishCode STF Projecte
Rome, Italy


Raphael Collins
Ministry of Agriculture Bureau of National Fisheries
Monrovia, Liberia


Wisseh Kay
Ministry of Agriculture Bureau of National Fisheries
Monrovia, Liberia


Eric Kekula
Ministry of Agriculture Bureau of National Fisheries
Monrovia, Liberia



FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome 2009

CONTENTS

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PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

This FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular is based on a study carried out as a collaboration between the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Bureau of National Fisheries (BNF), Ministry of Agriculture, Monrovia, Liberia.

The main aim of the study was to get relevant information on the livelihoods of the marine fisheries communities in Liberia to support the process of decision-making in the sector.

This circular was prepared by Moustapha Kebe (FAO Livelihoods expert), Petter Jern (Socio- Economist, FAO FishCode STF Project), Raphael Collins, Wisseh Kay and Eric Kekula (Ministry of Agriculture - Bureau of National Fisheries), Liberia.

Technical support for the study has been provided by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and financial support has been provided through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (FAO FishCode STF Project) and the Department for International Development (FAO Sustainable Fisheries Livelihood Programme).

 

Kebe, M.; Jern, P.; Collins, R.; Kay, W.; Kekula, E.
A livelihoods analysis of coastal fisheries communities in Liberia.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1043. Rome, FAO. 2009. 20p.

ABSTRACT

As part of the Fisheries Action Plan, a livelihood study was conducted using sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) in Liberian fishing communities with the objective of getting relevant information on the livelihoods of the fisheries communities to support the process of decision-making in the sector.

FAO's main work was in the preparatory stage; the training and design of the livelihood survey. The field team consisted of Bureau of National Fisheries (BNF) staff and enumerators hired by BNF which was trained in SLA and participatory rapid appraisal (PRA). This holistic analysis of the livelihoods of the fisheries communities along the coast of Liberia highlighted the following:
  • The main artisanal fisher group are the Kru. The migrant fishermens (Fanti and Popo) presence contributes to the development of fishing gear and technical knowledge. Overall, the national Kru are smaller in scale.
  • The vulnerability to poverty in fishing communities is considered to be high. This is caused by seasonality and absence of safety at sea; conflicts between industrial fisheries and between migrant and local fishermen; high prices of inputs and commodities and high prevalence of diseases are the cause of vulnerability of the fisherfolks.
  • Weak livelihood capital assets and an unfavourable political and institutional environment contribute to exposure to poverty.
Two main entry points were identified for future interventions aimed at assisting fisheries communities. The improvement of human and social capital as well as the political and institutional environment could help to making physical, financial and natural capital more efficient. Better representation of communities leading to an active role in the preparation and implementation of policies would also reduce vulnerability through a better choice of strategies, permanent achievements, diversified and strong partnerships.

From a fishing perspective, access to fishing materials and improvement of surveillance are main concerns from a perception. Better housing facilities and access to microcredit are mentioned as priority actions from a socio-economic perception.

Considering the fisheries sectors large potential to contribute to socio-economic development, political and institutional environment should be improved.

CONTENTS


Preparation of this document

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Acronyms and abbreviations

1. INTRODUCTION

2. METHODOLOGY

3. ASSESSMENT OF THE FISHERIES COMMUNITIES' LIVELIHOODS

4. IMPLICATIONS IN TERMS OF POLICY

5. REFERENCES

ANNEXES
 



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