FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 529
Senior Fishery Resources Officer (Aquaculture)
Aquaculture Management and Conservation Service (FIMA)
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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© FAO 2009
|Soto, D. (ed.).
Integrated mariculture: a global review.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 529. Rome, FAO. 2009. 183p.
While the concept and practice of integrated aquaculture is well-known in inland
environments particularly in Asia, in the marine environment, it has been much less
reported. However, in recent years the idea of integrated aquaculture has been often
considered a mitigation approach against the excess nutrients/organic matter generated
by intensive aquaculture activities particularly in marine waters. In this context, integrated
multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA) has emerged, where multitrophic refers to the explicit
incorporation of species from different trophic positions or nutritional levels in the
same system. Integrated marine aquaculture can cover a diverse range of co-culture/
farming practices, including IMTA, and even more specialized forms of integration such
as mangrove planting with aquaculture, called aquasilviculture. Integrated mariculture
has many benefits, among wich bioremediation is one of the most relevant, and yet is not
valued in its real social and economic potential although the present document provides
some initial economic estimates for the integration benefits derived from bioremediation.
Reducing risks is also an advantage and profitable aspect of farming multiple species
in marine environments (as in freshwaters): a diversified product portfolio increases
the resilience of the operation, for instance when facing changing prices for one of the
farmed species or the accidental catastrophic destruction of a crop. Yet such perspectives
are far from been considered in mariculture where, on the contrary, there is a tendency