REGIONAL STANDARDS
FOR PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

GUIDELINES FOR PROTECTION AGAINST
SOUTH AMERICAN LEAF BLIGHT OF RUBBER




APPPC RSPM No. 7




RAP PUBLICATION 2009/23

The Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific





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ISBN 978-92-5-106480-1


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©FAO 2009


For copies write to:
Piao Yongfan
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THAILAND
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Abstract

South American leaf blight (SALB) is caused by the fungus Microcyclus ulei (P. Henn) v. Arx and is the most destructive disease of rubber. It has been a major constraint in the production of rubber in South America. The disease could also cause great economic damage to the rubber growing countries of Asia and the Pacific if it were to be introduced into the area. This was recognized when establishing the Plant Protection Agreement for the Asia and Pacific region in 1956. When revising the Agreement in 1999 to bring it in line with the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, the 1956 provisions relating to SALB were found to be inconsistent. After undertaking a pest risk analysis, this standard was developed to provide guidelines on preventing the entry, spread and establishment of SALB in the region. This standard was endorsed by the twenty-sixth session of the Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) held in New Delhi, India in August–September 2009. Regional standards for phytosanitary measures are part of the plant protection programme of the Commission’s contracting parties to support regional harmonization and facilitate trade of commodities by member countries.