Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector

Good practices for biosecurity
in the pig sector

Issues and options in developing and
transition countries

FAO Animal Production
and Health Paper
No. 169

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Animal diseases that are known to spread primarily through human activities can be prevented and controlled through the application of biosecurity measures along the production and marketing chain, together with increased awareness and education. It is this notion that makes biosecurity so critically important in the prevention, control and elimination of transboundary animal diseases (TADs), with the focus on changing the habits and behaviours of people in such a way that the risk of disease transmission is decreased. A key aspect is to work with people to adopt biosecurity measures and to develop with them sets of safe practices in production that are seen as practical, cost-effective and sustainable.




      Table of contents



      Acknowledgements
      Acronyms and abbreviations

      Executive summary

      Introduction

        - Background and rationale
        - Target audience

      SECTION 1
      Defining biosecurity

        - Basic principles of biosecurity at the farm level

      SECTION 2
      Swine diseases, routes of transmission and implications for biosecurity

        - Main diseases affecting swine
        - Routes of disease transmission and implications for biosecurity

      SECTION 3
      Structure of pig production and marketing chains

        - Pig production systems
        - Service providers, suppliers and marketing chains

      SECTION 4
      Biosecurity issues and good practices in the pig sector

        - On-farm risks and related biosecurity measures
        - Biosecurity measures for service providers and along marketing chains
        - Challenges in the implementation of biosecurity measures
        - Complementary tools: vaccination, traceability, compartmentalization

      Conclusion

      Annexes

        1. Characteristics of selected biosecurity measures
        2. Potential for uptake of selected biosecurity measures
        3. An overview of disinfection procedures
        4. OFFLU strategy document for surveillance and monitoring of influenzas in animals
        5. Glossary of definitions
        6. Reports
        7. Manuals
        8. Selected articles
        9. Selected websites



The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), or of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) or of the International Bank for Reconstruction and development/The World Bank concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO, OIE or The World Bank in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of FAO, OIE or the Executive Directors of The World Bank.

FAO ISBN 978-92-5-106507-5
OIE ISBN 978-92-9044-809-9

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