FAO Forestry paper 158

Fighting sand encroachment

Lessons from Mauritania

Charles Jacques Berte

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 2010




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ISBN 978-92-5-106531-0

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© FAO 2010


Contents

(Download complete version - 1.5 MB)


 

Foreword (Download - 657 KB)
A prologue from Prince Laurent of Belgium (Download - 657 KB)
Acknowledgements (Download - 657 KB)
Abbreviations, acronyms and terminology (Download - 657 KB)

1. Introduction (Download - 133 KB)

2. Understanding sand encroachment (Download - 119 KB)

Wind erosion
Origin of sand
Effects of wind erosion
Wind-borne accumulations
Identification of sanded-over sites
Types of treatment

3. Sand dune fixation techniques (Download - 103 KB)

Primary fixation
Biological fixation

4. An experience in sand dune fixation: rehabilitating and extending the Nouakchott Green Belt  (Download - 260 KB)

Preliminary studies
Tree nurseries
Mechanical dune stabilization
Biological dune fixation
Protection of reforested areas
Main constraints

5. Participatory approach (Download - 72 KB)

In urban and periurban areas
In rural areas

6. Management and harvesting of plantations (Download - 66 KB)

7. Institutional aspects (Download - 54 KB)

Government support
Administrative supervision and project management

Bibliography (Download - 49 KB)

Annex 1. Some woody and grassy species used in sand dune fixation (Download - 589 KB)
Annex 2. Administrative supervision and project management charts (Download - 589 KB)