The Role of International Fishery Organizations and other Bodies in the Conservation and Management of Living Aquatic Resources

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1054
FIPI/C1054 (En)


Rome, 2010

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Lugten, G.
The role of international fishery organizations and other bodies in the conservation and management of living aquatic resources.
FAO Fisheries and aquaculture Circular. No. 1054. Rome, FAO. 123p.

This circular provides a summary of information on the role of international fishery organizations or arrangements and other bodies (regional fishery bodies and arrangements, or RFB/As) concerning their measures to conserve and manage living aquatic resources. The circular includes regional bodies responsible for marine capture fisheries, inland fisheries and aquaculture.

This circular had its origin in FAO Fisheries Circular No. 835 Rev. 1 “Summary information on the role of international fishery bodies with regard to the conservation and management of living resources of the high seas”, which was prepared by M.J. Savini in 1991; in FAO Fisheries Circular No. 807 “Activities of regional fishery bodies and other international organizations concerned with fisheries”, which was prepared by S.H. Marashi in 1993 and 1996; and finally in FAO Fisheries Circular No. 985 “Summary information on the role of international fishery organizations or arrangements and other bodies concerned with the conservation and management of living aquatic resources” prepared by J. Swan in 2003. This circular is a revision and updating of the 2003 summary.

This circular updates information as appropriate on the establishment, area of competence, species, membership and main objectives of the organizations. In addition, it contains responses of the organizations to a survey seeking information on: (i) priority issues for the organization; (ii) implementation of post-UNCED fishery instruments; and (iii) activities, plans and priorities in relation to specific issues. This information is described in relation to each relevant body, and general trends relating to priority issues and activities are identified in respect of these responses.

The circular is both an important historical record of recent developments in the regional management of fisheries, plus a reflection of contemporary issues that warrant national, regional and international attention.


 (Download - 80 kb)

Preparation of this document

PART I  (Download - 1,107 kb)
1. Introduction and summaries 

1.1 Background and methodology
1.2 The nature of the FAO questionnaire

1.2.1 The post-UNCED fishery instruments

1.3 RFB performance reviews
1.4 An analysis of Part I of the FAO questionnaire: trends and issues that are important to RFBs

1.4.1 Fisheries management issues
1.4.2 Institutional issues
1.4.3 Science and research issues
1.4.4 Developmental issues
1.4.5 Environmental issues

1.5 An analysis of Part II-B of the FAO questionnaire: the implementation of the post-UNCED fishery instruments

1.5.1 The 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement
1.5.2 The 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement
1.5.3 The 1995 Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and the IPOAs
1.5.4 FAO Strategy for Improving Information on Status and Trends of Capture Fisheries
1.5.5 The FAO Agreement on Port State Measures

1.6 An analysis of Part II-C of the FAO questionnaire: addressing specific issues of fisheries conservation and management

1.6.1 Implementation of the precautionary approach
1.6.2 Implementation of an ecosystem approach to fisheries and aquaculture
1.6.3 Establishment of area-based management tools
1.6.4 Addressing IUU fishing
1.6.5 Addressing fleet capacity
1.6.6 Collection and dissemination of fisheries data
1.6.7 Initiatives to strengthen cooperation and coordination with other RFBs
1.6.8 Strengthening the institutional capacity of RFBs
1.6.9 Accommodating new entrants into an RFB

2. Regional fishery bodies in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas

2.1 Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF)
2.2 Ministerial Conference on Fisheries Cooperation among African States bordering the Atlantic Ocean (COMHAFAT/ATLAFCO)
2.3 Fishery Committee for the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC)
2.4 Regional Fisheries Committee for the Gulf of Guinea (COREP)
2.5 General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)
2.6 International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)
2.7 Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)
2.8 North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO)
2.9 North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
2.10 South East Atlantic Fisheries Organization (SEAFO)
2.11 Subregional Fisheries Commission (SRFC)
2.12 Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission (WECAFC)

PART II  (Download - 1,029 kb)
3. Regional fishery bodies in the Indian, Indo-Pacific Ocean

3.1 Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (APFIC)
3.2 Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC)
3.3 Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia and the Pacific (NACA)
3.4 Regional Commission for Fisheries (RECOFI)
3.5 South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission (SWIOFC)

4. Regional fishery bodies in the Pacific Ocean

4.1 Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA)
4.2 Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC)
4.3 International Pacific Halibut Commission
4.4 North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC)
4.5 Pacific Salmon Commission (PSC)
4.6 South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO)
4.7 Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC)

5. Transocean regional fishery bodies

5.1 Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
5.2 Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT)
5.3 Latin American Organization for Fisheries Development (OLDEPESCA)
5.4 Central American Organization of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector (OSPESCA)

PART III  (Download - 627 kb)
6. Regional fishery bodies for inland fisheries

6.1 The Central Asian and the Caucasus Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission
6.2 Committee for Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture of Africa (CIFAA)
6.3 Committee for Inland Fisheries of Latin America (COPESCAL)
6.4 European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EIFAC)
6.5 Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO)
6.6 Mekong River Commission Mekong Basin (MRC)

7. Marine mammals

7.1 International Whaling Commission (IWC)
7.2 North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO)

8 Research and other data collection bodies

8.1 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
8.2 Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
8.3 Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics (CWP)

Appendix 1
Appendix 2