Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies:Food-based Approaches

  


Combating Micronutrient
Deficiencies:
Food-based Approaches

Edited by
Brian Thompson and Leslie Amoroso

Full pdf - 1,8Mb

Abstracts - 270kb


    Published jointly by
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

and
CAB International
Rome, 2011


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agricultre Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or corncerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommened by the FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of FAO.

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© FAO 2011


Abstract

Micronutrient deficiencies affect more than two billion people in the world today. With long-ranging effects on health, learning ability and productivity they contribute to the vicious cycle of malnutrition, underdevelopment and poverty. Food-based approaches, which include food production, dietary diversification and food fortification, are sustainable strategies for improving the micronutrient status of populations and raising levels of nutrition. Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies: Food-based Approaches focuses on practical, sustainable actions for overcoming micronutrient deficiencies through increased availability, access to and consumption of adequate quantities and appropriate varieties of safe, good quality food. The volume brings together the available knowledge, success stories and lessons learned to demonstrate that foodbased approaches are viable, sustainable and long-term solutions to overcoming micronutrient malnutrition. This booklet is a summary of the publication and contains the abstracts and the list of key words for each chapter.

Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies: Food-based Approaches is a useful resource for policymakers, agronomists, food and nutrition security planners, programme implementers and health workers.



Table of contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
About the Editors
Contributors

Introduction

B. Thompson and L. Amoroso

1. Strategies for Preventing Multi-micronutrient Deficiencies: a Review of Experiences with Food-based Approaches in Developing Countries
R.S. Gibson

2. Addressing Micronutrient Malnutrition to Achieve Nutrition Security
P. Shetty

3. Agricultural Interventions and Nutrition: Lessons from the Past and New Evidence
M. Arimond, C. Hawkes, M.T. Ruel, Z. Sifri, P.R. Berti, J.L. Leroy, J.W. Low, L.R. Brown and E.A. Frongillo

4. A 3-year Cohort Study to Assess the Impact of an Integrated Food- and Livelihood-based Model on Undernutrition in Rural Western Kenya
J. Fanzo, R. Remans, P.M. Pronyk, J. Negin, J. Wariero, P. Mutuo, J. Masira, W. Diru, E. Lelerai, D. Kim, B. Nemser, M. Muñiz, C. Palm, P. Sanchez, S. Ehrlich Sachs and J.D. Sachs

5. Food-based, Low-cost Strategies to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies: Evidence-based Interventions in Lesotho and Malawi
J.M. Aphane, N. Pilime and N.J. Saronga

6. Animal-source Foods as a Food-based Approach to Address Nutrient Deficiencies and Functional Outcomes: a Study among Kenyan Schoolchildren
C.G. Neumann, N.O. Bwibo, C.A. Gewa and N. Drorbaugh

7. Small-animal Revolving Funds: an Innovative Programming Model to Increase Access to and Consumption of Animal-source Foods by Rural Households in Malawi
A.C. MacDonald, B.J. Main, R.H. Namarika, M.E. Yiannakis and A.M. Mildon

8. Aquaculture’s Role in Improving Food and Nutrition Security
B. Thompson and R. Subasinghe

9. A Home Gardening Approach Developed in South Africa to Address Vitamin A Deficiency
M. Faber and S. Laurie

10. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center’s Approach to Alleviate Malnutrition
M.L. Chadha, L.M. Engle, J. d’A. Hughes, D.R. Ledesma and K.M. Weinberger

11. Introducing Vegetables into the India Mid-day Meal (MDM) Programme: the Potential for Dietary Change
E. Muehlhoff, R. Ramana, H. Gopalan and P. Ramachandran

12. Developing Micronutrient-rich Snacks for Pre-conception and Antenatal Health: the Mumbai Maternal Nutrition Project (MMNP)
D. Shivashankaran, S. Gurumurthy, S.H. Kehoe, P.S. Chheda, B.M. Margetts, P. Muley-Lotankar, A. Agarwal, N. Brown, S.A. Sahariah, V. Taskar, C.H.D. Fall
and R.D. Potdar


13. Approaches and Lessons Learned for Promoting Dietary Improvement in Pohnpei, Micronesia
L. Englberger, A. Lorens, M. Pretrick, B. Raynor, J. Currie, A. Corsi, L. Kaufer, R.I. Naik, R. Spegal and H.V. Kuhnlein

14. A Food Systems Approach to Increase Dietary Zinc Intake in Bangladesh based on an Analysis of Diet, Rice Production and Processing
A.B. Mayer, M.C. Latham, J.M. Duxbury, N. Hassan and E.A. Frongillo

15. Combating Iron Deficiency: Food-based Approaches
B. Thompson

16. Human Micronutrient Deficiencies: Linkages with Micronutrient Deficiencies in Soils, Crops and Animal Nutrition
M. Nubé and R.L. Voortman

17. Nationwide Supplementation of Sodium Selenate to Commercial Fertilizers: History and 25-year Results from the Finnish Selenium Monitoring Programme
G. Alfthan, P. Aspila, P. Ekholm, M. Eurola, H. Hartikainen, H. Hero, V. Hietaniemi, T. Root, P. Salminen, E.-R. Venäläinen and A. Aro

18. Leaf Concentrate and Other Benefi ts of Leaf Fractionation
M.N.G. Davys, F.-C. Richardier, D. Kennedy, O. de Mathan, S.M. Collin, J. Subtil, E. Bertin and M.J. Davys

19. Disability-adjusted Life Years (DALYs): a Methodology for Conducting Economic Studies of Food-based Interventions such as Biofortification
S. Pérez Suárez

Index

FAO’s Publications on Food-based Approaches to Prevent and Control Micronutrient Deficiencies – Covers