Information and knowledge sharing

FAO Fisheries Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries
12


Information and knowledge sharing


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2009

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ISBN 978-92-5-106186-2
ISSN 1020-5292

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© FAO 2009

FAO. 2009. Information and knowledge sharing.
FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 12. Rome, FAO. 2009. 97p.

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines provide a special focus on information and knowledge sharing and its current and potential role in supporting implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. They expand on relevant principles and standards set forth in the Code and make practical suggestions about ways to ensure that this role can be enhanced. The issues involved in the flow of information between different stakeholder groups include topics as diverse as information policy frameworks and information and communication technology infrastructure, hence coverage is introductory. Some of the constraints involved in the cycle from the creation, production, dissemination and availability of information and knowledge to its effective use and sharing by the present generation as well as its preservation for the future are presented. The special circumstances and requirements of stakeholders in developing countries are recognized in accordance with Article 5 of the Code. A separate chapter on small-scale fisheries and aquaculture looks in more detail at the special situation and information needs of the sub-sector. The Guidelines aim to foster a better understanding of the issues involved to ensure that stakeholders obtain the essential information that they need and that they make available their own information and knowledge for the public good.


Contents


Preparation of this document
Abstract
Acronyms and abbreviations
Background
Preface

Introduction
Concepts

1  STAKEHOLDER GROUPS AND THE FLOW OF INFORMATION
1.1   Stakeholder diversity
1.2   Fisheries management practices and the flow of information

2  THE ROLE OF INFORMATION IN IMPLEMENTING THE CODE
2.1   The Code and information
2.2   Characteristics of fisheries information
2.3   Challenges with fisheries information
2.4   Policy frameworks for fisheries information

3  ACCESS AND AFFORDABILITY OF INFORMATION
3.1   Access
3.2   Affordability of information

4  FINDING FISHERIES INFORMATION
4.1   Finding science information
4.2   Finding management, policy and legislation information
4.3   Fishing industry information
4.4   Information for sustainable development

5. GENERATING KNOWLEDGE
5.1   The Code and research
5.2   The Code and traditional knowledge

6. RECORDING INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE
6.1   Publishing fisheries science
6.2   Publishing fisheries policy, management and legislation
6.3   Publishing fisheries extension and training materials
6.4   Publishing fishing industry materials
6.5   Publishing civil society information
6.6   Recording traditional knowledge

7. DISSEMINATING FISHERIES INFORMATION
7.1   Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and dissemination of fisheries information
7.2   Availability of fisheries information for future generations

8. SHARING INFORMATION: NETWORKING,PARTNERSHIPS AND PLATFORMS
8.1   Fisheries information networks
8.2   Fisheries information partnerships
8.3   Fisheries information platforms and protocols
8.4   Knowledge sharing systems in fisheries

9. INFORMATION, KNOWLEDGE AND SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES
9.1   The need to focus on small-scale fisheries and aquaculture
9.2   Defining small-scale fisheries
9.3   Defining small-scale aquaculture
9.4   Information for and about small-scale fisheries
9.5   Actions needed to improve information in support of smallscale fisheries

10. INFORMATION CONSTRAINTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND ACTIONS NEEDED

11.  BIBLIOGRAPHY
Figures
Figure 1:  Current information flow
Figure 2:  Required information and knowledge flow

Appendix: Tables
Table 1:  Information sources for different aquatic resources stakeholders: Viet Nam
Table 2:  Online fisheries information finding tools
Table 3:  Small-scale fishing: actors and ICT usage