The Second Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
The Second Report on The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

The Second Report on
THE STATE OF THE WORLD’s
PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES
FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

 

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    COMMISSION ON GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2010


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ISBN 978-92-5-106534-1

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface   (  943Kb)
The reporting and preparatory process
Executive Summary

CHAPTER 1  (  823Kb)

    The state of diversity

    1.1  Introduction
    1.2  Diversity within and between plant species
    1.3  Genetic vulnerability and erosion
    1.4  Interdependence
    1.5  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    1.6  Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 2  (  538Kb)

    The state of in situ management

    2.1  Introduction
    2.2  Conservation and management of PGRFA in wild ecosystems
    2.3  On-farm management of PGRFA in agricultural production systems
    2.4  Global challenges to in situ conservation and management of PGRFA
    2.5  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    2.6  Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 3  (  604Kb)

    The state of ex situ conservation

    3.1  Introduction
    3.2  Overview of genebanks
    3.3  Collecting
    3.4  Types and status of collections
    3.5  Storage facilities
    3.6  Security of stored material
    3.7  Regeneration
    3.8  Documentation and characterization
    3.9  Germplasm movement
    3.10 Botanical gardens
    3.11 Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    3.12 Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 4  (  541Kb)

    The state of use

    4.1  Introduction
    4.2  Germplasm distribution and use
    4.3  Characterization and evaluation of PGRFA
    4.4  Plant breeding capacity
    4.5  Crops and traits
    4.6  Breeding approaches for use of PGRFA
    4.7  Constraints to improved use of PGRFA
    4.8  Production of seeds and planting material
    4.9  Emerging challenges and opportunities
    4.10 Cultural aspects of PGRFA
    4.11 Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    4.12 Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 5  (  506Kb)

    The state of national programmes, training needs and legislation

    5.1  Introduction
    5.2  State of national programmes
    5.3  Training and education
    5.4  National policy and legislation
    5.5  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    5.6  Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 6  (  515Kb)

    The state of regional and international collaboration

    6.1  Introduction
    6.2  PGRFA networks
    6.3  International organizations and associations with programmes on PGRFA
    6.4  International and regional agreements
    6.5  International funding mechanisms
    6.6  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    6.7  Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 7  (  495Kb)

    Access to Plant Genetic Resources, the sharing of benefits arising
    out of their utilization and the realization of Farmers’ Rights

    7.1  Introduction
    7.2  Developments in the international legal and policy framework for access and benefit sharing
    7.3  Developments in access and benefit-sharing at the national and regional levels
    7.4  Farmers’ Rights under the ITPGRFA
    7.5  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    7.6  Gaps and needs

CHAPTER 8  (  525Kb)

    The contribution of PGRFA to food security and sustainable agricultural development

    8.1  Introduction
    8.2  Sustainable agriculture development and PGRFA
    8.3  PGRFA and food security
    8.4  Economic Development, poverty and PGRFA
    8.5  Changes since the first State of the World report was published
    8.6  Gaps and needs

Annex 1  (  442Kb)
List of countries that provided information for the preparation of the Second Report on the State of
the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Annex 2  (  438Kb)
Regional distribution of countries

Appendix 1  (  510Kb)
Status by country of national legislation related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

Appendix 2  (  655Kb)
Major germplasm collections by crop and institute

Appendix 3  (  510Kb)
The state-of-the-art: methodologies and technologies for the identification, conservation and
use of PGRFA

Appendix 4  (  957Kb)
State of diversity of major and minor crops

COUNTRY REPORTS  (Download  495Kb)

THEMATIC STUDIES

    Managing Plant Genetic Resources in the Agro-ecosystem:
    Global Change, Crop-associated Biodiversity and Ecosystem
    Services  ( pdf 138Kb)

    Climate Change and its Effect on Conservation and Use of Plant
    Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and Associated
    Biodiversity for Food Security  (  178Kb)

    The Contribution of Plant Genetic Resources to Health and
    Dietary Diversity  (  185Kb)

    Establishment of a Global Network for the In Situ Conservation of Crop
    Wild Relatives: Status and Needs   (  1Mb -  1.5Mb -  1.7Mb )

    The Impact of National, Regional and Global Agricultural Policies
    and Agreements on Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic
    Resources for Food and Agriculture  (  187Kb)

    Indicators of Genetic Diversity, Genetic Erosion and Genetic Vulnerability
    for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture  (  186Kb)

    Seed Systems and Plant Genetic Resources for Food and
    Agriculture  (  155Kb)


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