FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1056
BIOLOGY AND FISHERY MANAGEMENT OF THE
CERMES, The University of the West Indies
Hazel A. Oxenford
Professor of Marine Ecology and Fisheries
CERMES, The University of the West Indies
Ministry of Agriculture
Department of Environmental Health
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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© FAO 2010
|Pena, M. H.; Oxenford, H.A.; Parker, C.; Johnson, A.
Biology and fishery management of the white sea urchin, Tripneustes ventricosus, in the eastern Caribbean.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1056. Rome, FAO. 2010. 43p.
The white sea urchin, Tripneustes ventricosus, is common in shallow coastal waters of the tropical Atlantic Ocean, and is widely distributed in the Caribbean Sea. The species supports small-scale, commercially important, seasonal fisheries in several islands in the eastern Caribbean including Barbados, Martinique (France) and Saint Lucia, and minor subsistence fisheries in Grenada and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. However, despite significant management and conservation efforts by some countries, white sea urchin population abundance has declined locally. Understanding the large fluctuations in local population size and implementing sound management practices in the white sea urchin fisheries is critical to the sustainable use of this resource in the future, and would benefit considerably from a sharing of information and management experiences. To this end, this circular has attempted to collate both published and unpublished information on the white sea urchin and its fisheries in the eastern Caribbean and perspectives on past and current management of these fisheries.
3.1 Species range4. ECOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY
3.2 Habitat and distribution
4.1 Reproduction: sexuality, maturity, fertilization and spawning5. AQUACULTURE POTENTIAL
4.2 Life-history stages
4.3 Nutrition and growth
4.4 Behaviour: migration and response to stimuli
4.5 Diseases, polluants and environmental sensitivity
6.1 Stock structurePart 3 (884 Kb)
6.2 Abundance and density 9
7.1 Fishing methods, vessel types and gear8. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILES OF WHITE SEA URCHIN FISHERIES
7.2 Fishing areas: national fishing locations and landing sites
7.3 Fishing seasons
7.4 Fishing operations
8.1 Barbados9. SEA URCHIN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
8.2 Saint Lucia
8.3 Carriacou and Grenada
8.4 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
9.1 Barbados: closed seasons and moratoria10. CURRENT AND FUTURE RESEARCH
9.2 Saint Lucia: closed seasons and comanagement
9.3 Carriacou and Grenada
9.4 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
9.5 Martinique: closed seasons and moratoria
9.6 Commonalities in white sea urchin fishery management
10.1 Country-specific research needsREFERENCES
10.2 Current research