Sustainable Land Management in Practice

TERRA AFRICA REGIONAL SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT


Sustainable
Land Management in Practice

Guidelines and Best Practices
for Sub-Saharan Africa



Download Full Report  -42.414kb       


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome 2011


Abstarct

Production of guidelines for best sustainable land management (SLM) technologies and approaches in Sub- Saharan Africa (SSA) has been part of TerrAfrica’s programme during 2009-2010. These guidelines and case studies are intended to help create a framework for investment related to SLM in SSA. The particular aim of these guidelines is to identify, analyse, discuss and disseminate promising SLM practices - including both technologies and approaches - in the light of the latest trends and new opportunities. The focus is, in particular, on those practices with rapid payback and profitability and / or other factors that drive adoption.

This document is targeted at key stakeholders in SLM programmes and projects at the design and implementation stages, including practitioners, managers, policymakers, planners, together with, financial and technical institutions, and donors. The guidelines are divided into two main parts. Part 1 highlights the main principles behind SLM, and what considerations are important for technologies and approaches to qualify as ‘best practices’ suitable for upscaling. Part 2 presents twelve groups of SLM technologies as well as a section on SLM approaches. These are supported by specific case studies. Key resource persons and experts on SLM in SSA were asked to assist in finalising the SLM gr oups and to describe specific case studies. This strives to be a ‘state of the art’ product.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary

   - 172kb
   

Part 1: Guiding principles

Introduction

Setting the frame
Aims and audience
Structure and sources
Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa
Focus on Sustainable Land Management

   - 733kb
   

Principles for best SLM practices

Increased land productivity

Water use efficiency
Soil fertility
Plants and their management
Micro-climate

Improved livelihoods

Costs and benefits
Input challenges for land users

Improved ecosystems: being environmentally friendly

Prevent, mitigate and rehabilitate land degradation
Improve biodiversity
Climate change: a fresh challenge – a new opportunity?

Triple-win solutions

   - 2.086kb
   - 1.086kb

 

   

Adoption and decision support for upscaling best practices

Adoption - uptake and spread

Institutional and policy framework
Participation and land use planning
Promotion and extension
Monitoring, assessment and research

Decision support - upscaling SLM

Knowledge management: building the basis
Selection and fine-tuning of SLM practices
Selection of priority areas for interventions

Conclusions for adoption and decision support

The way forward

   - 10.518kb

 

   

Part 2: Best SLM practices for Sub-Saharan Africa

Overview of SLM practices
SLM technology groups and case studies

Integrated Soil Fertility Management
Conservation Agriculture
Rainwater Harvesting
Smallholder Irrigation Management
Cross-Slope Barriers
Agroforestry
Integrated Crop-Livestock Management
Pastoralism and Rangeland Management
Sustainable Planted Forest Management
Sustainable Forest Management in Drylands
Sustainable Rainforest Management
Trends and New Opportunities

   - 10.518kb

   - 4.606kb

   - 2.233kb

   - 3.575kb

   - 2.687kb

   - 2.428kb

   - 5.138kb

   - 2.567kb

   

SLM Approaches and case studies

SLM Approaches

Annex: Best SLM practices compared

   - 3.806kb

   - 1.042kb

 

   


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-000000-0

All rights reserved. FAO encourages reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate FAO copyright materials, and all queries concerning rights and licences, should be addressed by e-mail to copyright@fao.org or to the Chief, Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.

© FAO 2011