Fisheries of the Pacific Islands: Regional and national information

RAP PUBLICATION 2011/03

Fisheries of the Pacific Islands:
Regional and national information

Robert Gillett

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2011


ABSTRACT

The Pacific Island region consists of fourteen independent countries and eight territories located in the western and central Pacific Ocean. These comprise about 200 high islands and some 2 500 low islands and atolls. Coastal fishing is of fundamental importance in the Pacific Islands. Much of the regions nutrition, welfare, culture, employment, and recreation are based on the living resources in the zone between the shoreline and the outer reefs. The continuation of current lifestyles, the opportunities for future development and food security are all highly dependent on coastal fisheries resources.

Although dwarfed in both volume and value by the offshore tuna fisheries, the Pacific Island fisheries that are based on coastal resources provide most of the non-imported fish supplies to the region. Coastal fisheries harvest a very diverse range of finfish, invertebrates and algae. Unlike the tuna fishery, virtually all the coastal catch is undertaken by Pacific Islanders themselves, with very little access by foreign fishing vessels.

This publication presents information on coastal and offshore fisheries in the region. The information is broken down into resource categories, the major types of fishing, the important species, the status of those resources, and the fisheries management that occurs. The book also provides supplementary sectoral and governance related information on the fisheries in the 14 independent Pacific Island countries.





Table of Contents

Foreword
Abstract
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and acronyms
Regional information
    The Pacific Islands region
    Fishery statistics in the region
    Main categories of fisheries in the region
    Fishery resources
    Coastal fihsery resources
    Important types of coastal fishing
    Management of coastal fishery resources
    Offshore fishery resources
    Important types of offshore fishing
National information on fisheries
    Cook Islands
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Fiji
    Kiribati
    Marshall Islands
    Nauru
    Niue
    Palau
    Papua New Guinea
    Samoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
References



The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-106792-5


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For copies write to: The Senior Fishery Officer
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Bangkok 10200, Thailand
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© FAO 2011