A regional shellfish hatchery for the Wider Caribbean: Assessing its feasibility and sustainability. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 19

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 19

A regional shellfish hatchery for the
Wider Caribbean

Assessing its feasibility and sustainability

by
Alessandro Lovatelli
Aquaculture Service
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Rome, Italy

and

Samia Sarkis
Department of Conservation Services
Flatts, Bermuda


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


ABSTRACT

Lovatelli, A.; Sarkis, S.
A regional shellfish hatchery for the Wider Caribbean: Assessing its feasibility and sustainability.
FAO Regional Technical Workshop. 1821 October 2010, Kingston, Jamaica.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings. No. 19. Rome, FAO. 2011. 246p.

Caribbean aquaculture production accounts for less than one percent of the worlds aquaculture and culture efforts are directed mainly towards non-native species such as tilapia. This situation, where the application of foreign culture operations using exotic species predominates, may entrain potentially irreversible environmental impacts. It is recognized that the growth of the aquaculture sector in the Caribbean Region is due in part to the lack of technical expertise, infrastructure, capital investment and human resources. The pooling of resources among countries is proposed through the establishment of a regional facility. For this reason, the establishment of a regional shellfish hatchery focusing on native species is assessed based on the interest of Caribbean countries, the culture potential of native species and the available technical knowledge on identified target species.

The engagement of the governments of the Region in the development of a regional shellfish hatchery concept was first assessed through a brief questionnaire distributed by the Aquaculture Service (FIRA), Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to 33 countries in 2009. Responses were received from 21 countries. Of these, 11 are islands of the Caribbean, while the other ten are continental countries bordering the Caribbean Sea. Of the total number of responses received, 14 expressed a definite interest in the concept. The responses confirmed the dominance of exotic species cultured and the overall interest in investigating the culture of native molluscan species. A list of 22 target species was drawn based on responses from the countries of the Region, including gastropods, crustaceans, bivalves (scallop, clams, oyster and mussels), echinoderms (three species of sea urchins) and one cephalopod (the common octopus). Sea cucumbers were added to this list at a later date due to the strong interest expressed by a number of participants.



Table of Contents

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Contributors
Acknowledgements
Acronyms and abbreviations
Workshop summary
Sntesis del taller

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Annex 1 Agenda
Annex 2 List of participants
Annex 3 Map of the Caribbean
Annex 4 Questionnaire and responses to the regional hatchery concept
Annex 5 Native Caribbean molluscan species
Annex 6 Working groups terms of reference
Annex 7 Working groups summary reports
Annex 8 Selected photos

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Contributed Papers

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Back Cover

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