Fourth Report of the Global Programme for the Prevention and Control of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (January-December 2010)

Fourth Report of the Global Programme for the Prevention and Control of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

January - December 2010

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H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) continues to be a major concern, including the risk of human infection. In six countries, the disease is entrenched in poultry populations (Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China, Egypt, Indonesia, Viet Nam and parts of India) and elimination remains a long-term goal. During 2010, other major animal diseases also continued to spread in different regions of the world, disrupting livestock production, rural economies and people’s livelihoods and food security. This has been largely due to the limited capacity of veterinary services to prevent incursion of diseases of high impact or contain them, and to disease drivers such as poor production hygiene, high intensification of animal production, increased trade of animal and animal products and intensified contact between animal, human and wildlife populations.

FAO’s HPAI Global Programme addresses the continuing threats from HPAI, and other high-impact animal diseases, through an approach which is moving away from disease specific interventions to a more integrated, multidiscilinary focus on developing sustainable animal health systems at country, regional and global levels. The approach builds upon lessons learned from the responses to H5N1 HPAI and applies them to other transboundary animal and emerging infectious diseases . FAO has been working towards this approach, including with its new Animal Health Strategic Action Plan (2011-2015) in line with the “One Health”agenda.




      Table of contents



      Foreword
      Acronyms and abbreviations
      Executive summary

      Introduction

      1. H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza situation update (January-December 2010)

        - Overall H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza incidence increased in animals in 2010
        - Four high-burden countries remain enzootic
        - Sporadic H5N1 HPAI events still predominantly in Asia
        - Europe reports the first H5N1 HPAI outbreaks in poultry since 2008
        - Knowledge gaps remain on the role of wild birds
        - Decrease in human cases in 2010
        - Perspectives for 2011

      2. The FAO H5N1 HPAI programme

        - Overview of FAO’s HPAI Global Programme
        - Funding status
        - Donors
        - Other financing mechanisms for FAO HPAI response
        - Geographic priorities
        - Levels of intervention
        - Longer-term multidisciplinary approach to HPAI
        - Post HPAI Global Programme – additional funding requirements

      3. Thematic review

        - Introduction
        - Surveillance
        - FAO’s global support to surveillance
        - FAO’s regional support to surveillance
        - FAO’s national support to surveillance
        - Laboratory capacity
        - Global support to laboratory capacity
        - FAO’s regional support to laboratory capacity
        - FAO’s national support to laboratory capacity
        - Country assessment on laboratory capacity
        - Biosecurity
        - FAO’s global support to biosecurity
        - FAO’s regional support for biosecurity
        - FAO’s national support to biosecurity
        - Other key topics
        - Response
        - Socio-economics
        - Public private partnerships
        - Communication
        - Wildlife

      4. Detailed endemic country analysis

        - Introduction
        - Bangladesh
        - The People’s Republic of China
        - Egypt
        - Indonesia
        - Viet Nam

      5. The poultry sector in H5N1 HPAI endemic countries

        - Main constraints on disease control in the poultry sector
        - Realistic goals for the next five years
        - Understanding the social and economic factors which determine disease dynamics
        - Understanding the agent
        - Animal health services
        - Innovative approaches to meeting goals
        - Good production practices
        - The role of stakeholders in determining strategy and policy
        - Important lessons learned regarding control programmes in endemic countries
        - Bangladesh and the Indo-Gangetic plain
        - South-Eastern China and East Asia
        - Egypt
        - Indonesia
        - Viet Nam and the Greater Mekong sub-region
        - FAO strategy for non-endemic regions

      6. Moving forward: FAO’s contribution to the One Health approach

        - Introduction
        - FAO normative activities and the One Health approach
        - FAO field programme support to the One Health approach: turning theory into practice
        - Other programme activities with One Health linkages
        - FAO Partnerships and the One Health approach
        - Conclusion

      Conclusion

      Annexes: detailed country analysis

        1. Bangladesh
        2. The People’s Republic of China
        3. Egypt
        4. Indonesia
        5. Vietn Nam



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