Successes and failures with animal nutrition practices and technologies in developing countries

Successes and failures with animal nutrition practices and technologies in developing countries

FAO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH PROCEEDINGS 11
FAO Electronic Conference, 1-30 September 2010

 

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


ABSTRACT

During the last four decades a number of animal-nutrition-based technologies and practices have been developed and used in developing countries, with varying degrees of success. Some technologies have produced profound beneficial effects and have been widely used; while others have shown potential on research stations but have not been taken up by farmers. To learn from these experiences, the FAO Animal Production and Health Division organised an e-conference from 1 to 30 September 2010. This document presents the current status of animal nutrition practices and technologies being practiced in developing countries and an analysis of the reasons for their success or failure. It also contains a synthesis paper that summarises the major issues discussed by participants and presents conclusion drawn and lessons learnt for the future. This document is expected to assist developing countries make informed decisions about the adoption of appropriate animal nutrition practices and technologies. In addition, it should also be useful for the development community, including donor agencies, to better understand, prioritize and support appropriate animal nutrition practices and technologies in developing countries.



Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Change in animal nutrition research paradigm needed to benefit resource-poor livestock producers in countries like India
D.V. Rangnekar

Technologies and practices for improving livestock feeding in India
M.P.G. Kurup

Urea treatment of straws
T. K. Walli

Urea treatment of straw: hugely extolled rarely used
Mahesh Chander

Production of urea-molasses-mineral blocks in a process developed by Dairyboard of India
M.R. Garg and P.L. Sherasia

Impact of urea-molasses-multinutrient blocks supplementation on livestock production in Pakistan
S.A. Khanum, M. Hussain, H.N. Hussain and M. Ishaq

On-farm preparation of low-cost feed blocks using mulberry fruit wastes: impact analysis and adoption by farmers
Ghulam Habib

Urea-molasses-multinutrient blocks/licks: a blend of nutrients for ruminants
M. Wadhwa and M.P.S. Bakshi

Straw-based densified complete feed block technology
T. K. Walli

Processed crop residue based complete diets for enhancing ruminant performance
Y. Ramana Reddy and G.V.N. Reddy

Processing and evaluation of poor-quality crop residues as livestock feed
M. Wadhwa and M.P.S. Bakshi

Biological treatment of straws
T. K. Walli

Rumen by-pass protein technology for enhancing productivity in dairy animals
M.R. Garg and P.L. Sherasia

Rumen by-pass protein technology
T. K. Walli

Food-feed-systems for smallholder livestock farmers
M. Wanapat and V. Chanthakhoun

Silvopastoral system, cerrado and tropical forest biome in Brazil: Case studies
Rogério Martins Maurício and Luciano Fernandes Sousa

Utility of Arachis pintoi to renovate degraded pastures in a cattle producing region of the Amazon of Colombia
Carlos E. Lascano

Integration of forage production with high-yielding rice variety cultivation in Bangladesh
A.B.M. Khaleduzzaman, M.A. Akbar and M. Shamsuddin

Low-cost silage technology increases milk production and farmers income in north-western districts of Bangladesh
A.B.M. Khaleduzzaman, M.A. Akbar and M. Shamsuddin

Improving the utilisation of Napier grass by dairy cows through fractionating the stems into juice and fibrous residue
John Moran

Utilisation of tannin-containing tree leaves in sheep and goat production
Raghavendra Bhatta, A.K. Shinde, S. Vaithiyanathan, S. K. Sankhyan, O. Enishi and M. Kurihara

Economic utilisation of saline marginal lands for animal production
S.A. Khanum, M. Hussain, H.N. Hussain, A.R. Awan and K. Mehmood

Spineless cactus (Opuntia spp.) in low-input production systems in dry areas
Hichem Ben Salem

Azolla: a sustainable animal feed?
Mahesh Chander

Area-specific mineral mixtures for sheep and goat
A.K. Shinde and S.K. Sankhyan

Investing in inorganic fertilisers on tropical dairy farms
John Moran

Chaff cutters and fodder chaffing: A simple technology worth adoption
Mahesh Chander

Synthesis of the FAO E-Conference "Successes and failures with animal nutrition practices and technologies in developing countries"
Emyr Owen, Tim Smith and Harinder Makkar

 



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