Global livestock
production
systems

Global livestock
production
systems

 

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011

Abstract

Informed livestock sector policy development and priority setting is heavily dependent on a good understanding of livestock production systems. In a collaborative effort between the Food and Agriculture Organization and the International Livestock Research Institute, stock has been taken of where we have come from in agricultural systems classification and mapping; the current state of the art; and the directions in which research and data collection efforts need to take in the future.

The book also addresses issues relating to the intensity and scale of production, moving from what is done to how it is done. The intensification of production is an area of particular importance, for it is in the intensive systems that changes are occurring most rapidly and where most information is needed on the implications that intensification of production may have for livelihoods, poverty alleviation, animal diseases, public health and environmental outcomes.

A series of case studies is provided, linking livestock production systems to rural livelihoods and poverty and examples of the application of livestock production system maps are drawn from livestock production, now and in the future; livestock’s impact on the global environment; animal and public health; and livestock and livelihoods.

This book provides a formal reference to Version 5 of the global livestock production systems map, and to revised estimates of the numbers of rural poor livestock keepers, by country and livestock production system. These maps and data are freely available for download via FAO’s web pages: http://www.fao.org/AG/againfo/resources/en/glw/home.html. It is hoped that this publication will stimulate further work in this field and encourage the use of livestock production systems information and maps in research and analysis.



Table of Contents

Abbreviations and acronyms

Compound abbreviations for livestock production systems

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Summary

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1. Introduction

WHY MAP LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS?
BACKGROUND AND OUTLINE

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2. Agricultural systems classifications

A BRIEF REVIEW OF SOME CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS
MAPPING GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE
TOWARDS A STEPWISE METHODOLOGY FOR CLASSIFYING AND MAPPING
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

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3. Mapping global livestock production systems

METHODOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTS AND CURRENT STATUS
ACCURACY OF GLOBAL LAND COVER MAPS: IMPLICATIONS FOR MAPPING LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

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4. From potential to actual production systems: accounting for crops, livestock and other livelihood options

INTEGRATING MODELLED LIVESTOCK AND CROP DISTRIBUTIONS
AD HOC EXTENSION OF THE MAPPED LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS CLASSIFICATION

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5. Accounting for intensive livestock production

MAPPING INTENSIVE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
MAPPING AREAS WITH POTENTIAL FOR INTENSIFICATION
MAPPING INTENSIVE PRODUCTION BASED ON SMALLHOLDER DISTRIBUTIONS
MAPPING INTENSIVE PRODUCTION BASED ON LIVESTOCK DENSITIES
CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION ON INTENSIFICATION

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6. Linking livestock production systems to rural livelihoods and poverty

LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS AND POVERTY IN UGANDA
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS AND POVERTY IN VIET NAM
LIVELIHOOD ANALYSIS AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN EASTERN AFRICA

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7. Applications of global livestock production systems

ALLOCATING PROJECTED LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION DATA BY SYSTEM AND REGION
MAPPING METHANE EMISSIONS FROM AFRICAN LIVESTOCK
MAPPING THE BENEFITS FROM TRYPANOSOMOSIS CONTROL IN EAST AFRICA
DISTRIBUTION OF RURAL POOR LIVESTOCK KEEPERS

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8. Conclusions and future developments

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9. References

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10. Appendices

APPENDIX A

Countries grouped under the 2010 World Bank developing regions and country income groupings

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APPENDIX B

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region

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APPENDIX C

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) region

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APPENDIX D

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region

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APPENDIX E

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region

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APPENDIX F

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the South Asia (SA) region

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APPENDIX G

Livestock production systems and estimated numbers of rural poor livestock keepers in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region

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ISBN 978-92-5-107028-4

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