FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings
20 - Aquaculture in desert and arid lands

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings
20

Aquaculture in desert and arid lands
Development constraints and opportunities

FAO Technical Workshop
6–9 July 2010
Hermosillo, Mexico

edited by
Valerio Crespi
Aquaculture Service
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Rome, Italy
and
Alessandro Lovatelli
Aquaculture Service
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Rome, Italy

Download Full Report pdf file -15.159kb       Download ZIP version zip file -13.795kb



Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


ABSTRACT

Crespi, V.; Lovatelli, A.
Aquaculture in desert and arid lands: development constraints and opportunities.
FAO Technical Workshop. 6–9 July 2010, Hermosillo, Mexico.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 20. Rome, FAO. 2011. 202 pp.

Aquaculture in desert and arid lands has been growing steadily over the last decade thanks to the modern technologies and alternative energy sources that have allowed water in these places of extremes to be exploited more effectively and more efficiently, using it for both crop irrigation and production of fish.

This publication presents the evolution of desert and arid lands aquaculture in the past few decades in seven countries and regions (Australia, Egypt, Israel, Mexico, Southern Africa, the United States of America and Central Asia) describing the achievements of a number of farming operations, which demonstrate the significant potential for farming commercial aquatic organisms using geothermal, fresh and brackish waters. The global overview on desert aquaculture development shows, through the use of maps and tables, those countries with vast extensions of arid territories that should be better investigated for potential aquaculture development.

Limiting factors were extensively discussed during the workshop, and several measures were identified and proposed. Desert conditions are characterized by high day temperatures, cold winter nights, high solar radiation, scarce precipitation and very low relative humidity. The experts reached consensus on the definition of aquaculture in the desert and arid lands, which was defined as follows: Aquaculture activities practised in desert and arid lands characterized by low precipitation (<250 mm/year), high solar radiation, high rate of evaporation, using subsurface and surface water.

At the end of the workshop, a series of recommendations were elaborated by the experts to assist FAO Member countries wishing to generate a favourable national environment to promote sustainable aquaculture development.

Limited water supply remains the single largest constraint for aquaculture development in arid and semi-arid regions; however, where the resource is available, the development of integrated aqua-agriculture systems may certainly provide economic output opportunities from such resource-limited regions. Such farming systems may also enable the production of highly priced fish, vegetables and fruits all year round.



Table of Contents

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Contributors
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and Acronyms

  pdf file [603Kb]
   

Workshop summary
Workshop background
Workshop objectives and approach
Workshop recommendations

Annex 1 – Agenda
Annex 2 – List of participants
Annex 3 – Expert profiles
Annex 4 – Selected photographs

  pdf file [816Kb]
   

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS

Global desert aquaculture at a glance
Valerio Crespi and Alessandro Lovatelli

  pdf file [514Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Australia
Sagiv Kolkovski

  pdf file [1.758Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Central Asia
(Aral Sea Drainage Basin)

Bakhtiyor Karimov

  pdf file [1.302Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Israel
Gideon Hulata and Yitzhak Simon

  pdf file [2.414Kb]
   

Aquaculture experiences in the Negev Desert in Israel
Samuel Appelbaum

  pdf file [235Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Southern Africa
Blessing Mapfumo

  pdf file [1.368Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Egypt
Sherif Sadek

  pdf file [2.741Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in the United States of America
Granvil Treece

  pdf file [2925Kb]
   

An overview on desert aquaculture in Mexico
Manuel Segovia Quintero

  pdf file [1.243Kb]


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ISBN 978-92-5-106992-9

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