FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 5, Suppl. 5. - Aquaculture development. 5. Use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture

FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 5, Suppl. 5.

Aquaculture development
5. Use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture







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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


ABSTRACT

FAO.
Aquaculture development. 5. Use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture.
FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. Rome, FAO. 2011. 79p.

These technical guidelines on the use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture have been developed in support of Article 7 (responsible fisheries management) and Article 9 (aquaculture development) of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and in particular in support of Articles 9.1.3, 9.1.4 and 9.4.3. The objectives of the guidelines are to contribute towards the development of aquaculture and the sustainable utilization of feed-fish stocks. The guidelines cover a number of issues relevant to the use of wild fish in feeds in aquaculture, including ecosystem and environmental impacts, ethical considerations on the responsible use of fish as feed, aquaculture technology and development, and statistics and information needs for managing the development of aquaculture. Specific matters relating to the management of fishery resources that may be used as feeds are briefly considered in these guidelines, as these have been dealt with in detail in separate FAO guidelines relating to fisheries management and which, inter alia, would also apply to feed-fish fisheries. The guiding principles for these technical guidelines were developed and adopted at the FAO Expert Workshop on the Use of Wild Fish and/or Other Aquatic Species as Feed in Aquaculture and its Implications to Food Security and Poverty Alleviation, 16–18 November 2007, Kochi, India.



CONTENTS

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Abbreviations and acronyms
Background

1. INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 Statement of purpose
1.2 Structure and content of this document
1.3 Terms and definitions

2. OVERVIEW OF THE USE OF WILD FISH AS FEED IN AQUACULTURE AND RELATED ISSUES

 

2.2 The issues
2.3 Sustainability of fish stocks
2.4 Food security and livelihoods and low-value/bycatch fish

3. EXISTING GUIDELINES ON FISHERIES MANAGEMENT AND INITIATIVES TO IMPROVE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FISH STOCK RESOURCES

 

3.1 Technical guidelines on fisheries management

4. PRINCIPLES AND TECHNICAL GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF WILD FISH AS FEED IN AQUACULTURE

 

4.1 Principles governing the use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture

 

 

4.1.1 Fisheries management considerations
4.1.2 Ecosystem and environmental impacts
4.1.3 Ethical issues and responsible use
4.1.4 Aquaculture technology and development
4.1.5 Statistics and information needs for management

REFERENCES

ANNEXES

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

6.

Technical guidelines on fisheries management
Technical guidelines on the ecosystem approach to fisheries
Precautionary approach
Initiatives to improve sustainable management of fish
stock resources
Initiatives to develop sustainability standards for
aquaculture feeds
Initiatives by retailers, processors and feed manufacturers



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