FAO in the 21st century - Ensuring food security in a changing world


FAO in the 21st century

Ensuring food security in a changing world

Rome, 2011

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Table of Contents

Editorial board
Executive summary


Chapter 1
   Population dynamics and hunger
      Hunger: taking stock of the global situation
      Population: 9.2 billion people to feed in 2050

Chapter 2
   Pressures on natural resources and the environment
      Land and water resources

Chapter 3
   Climate change
      The threat of climate change
      Adaptation and mitigation in agriculture

Chapter 4
   Managing globalization in the agriculture sector
      International trade and market access
      Large land acquisitions for food exports
      Engaging the private sector in food security and
      sustainable development
      Investing in agriculture
      Technology development, transfer and opportunities
  pdf [3.8Mb]


Chapter 5
   Successes and lessons learned in policy development
      Policy assistance in a changing environment
      Gender-sensitive policy advice
      Access to land
      Engagement with civil society
      Public outreach
      The power of knowledge
      Strategic development and organizational reforms

Chapter 6
   FAO in action: past, present and future
      Negotiating international instruments
      Supporting investment in agricultural development
      Promoting sustainable forestry development
      The role of fish and fisheries in food security and nutrition
      Preparing for and responding to threats and emergencies
      Fighting transboundary plant, animal and fish diseases
      Increasing agricultural production and productivity
      Agricultural research, technology development and extension
      National and regional programmes for food security
      Food safety, quality and nutrition in a changing environment

Chapter 7
   Towards total eradication of hunger in the world
      Translating the vision into sound policy and effective action
      Three World Food Summits and a High-Level Conference
      Enhancing market information systems
      Strengthening global governance of food security and nutrition
  pdf [817Kb]
Annex 1
   A view of FAO
      Strategic and functional objectives and regional representation



FAOs mandate is to assist its member countries and the international community in ensuring that all people have access to sufficient and safe and food. On a world scale, food production capacity is sufficient to satisfy this basic human right. Despite relentless efforts and comprehensive initiatives, the number of undernourished in the world has increased in the last half decade, peaking in 2009 to more than 1 billion one in seven people.

A decade into the 21st century, the world is facing a number of complex challenges, with serious implications for the state of global food security. The worlds population is projected to reach 9 billion by 2050 and rural-urban migration is increasing considerably, with growth concentrated in todays developing countries. Globalization is affecting the agriculture sector and, together with economic expansion and urbanization, this is contributing to changing patterns in food consumption. Natural resources are being subject to unprecedented pressure from human activities, and marked climate and environmental changes are occurring, resulting in more frequent disasters and emergencies.

This book details current knowledge of these complex challenges and discusses likely implications for the food and agriculture sector and for hunger and poverty reduction efforts, including FAOs role in assisting its member countries in the coming years. Development practitioners, planners, decision-makers and all members of the international community with a genuine interest in hunger and poverty reduction will appreciate the books broad and up-to-date coverage of global food security issues.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

All rights reserved. FAO encourages reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate FAO copyright materials, and all queries concerning rights and licences, should be addressed by e-mail to copyright@fao.org or to the Chief, Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.

FAO 2011
ISBN 978-92-5-106913-4