Lampreys of the world

FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes No. 5


Lampreys of the world

An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lamprey
species known to date.

by

Claude B. Renaud
Canadian Museum of Nature
Ottawa, Canada



Download Full Report pdf file -4.5Mb      Download ZIP version zip file -3.9Mb


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


ABSTRACT

Renaud, C.B.
Lampreys of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lamprey species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 5. Rome, FAO. 2011. 109 pp.

Lampreys are aquatic, jawless vertebrates belonging to the Order Petromyzontiformes. The order comprises 39 species widely distributed in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, but virtually absent in the intervening tropical zone. There is one family in the Northern Hemisphere (Petromyzontidae) comprising 35 species and two families in the Southern Hemisphere (Geotriidae and Mordaciidae) comprising, respectively, one and three species. Lampreys undergo a radical metamorphosis from the larval to the adult form. While lamprey larvae (ammocoetes) of all species are very similar in their habits (filter–feeding on microorganisms in a freshwater habitat), the adults vary considerably in their mode of life. Some are parasitic and anadromous, others parasitic but restricted to fresh water, while still others are nonparasitic (non–feeding) and restricted to fresh water. The taxonomic characters used to describe ammocoetes and adults are fully explained and illustrated. A key to adults and a partial key to larvae are presented. This catalogue provides an account for each of the 39 species. Each species account gives information on the taxonomy including synonyms, common names, diagnostic features of ammocoetes and adults (with drawings of the adult body and oral disc), habitat and biology, geographic distribution (with map), interest to fisheries and references.



Table of Contents

Preparation of this
Abstract
Acknowledgments

  pdf file [340Kb]
   

1.   Introduction

   1.1 General remarks on the order Petromyzontiformes
   1.2 Key to Lamprey Adults of the World
   1.3 Partial Key to Lamprey Ammocoetes of the World
         60 mm Total Length or Greater

  pdf file [390Kb]
   

Order PETROMYZONTIFORMES

   Family GEOTRIIDAE
   Family MORDACIIDAE
   Family PETROMYZONTIDAE

  pdf file [1.5Mb]
   

2.   Literature Cited

3.   Index Of Scientific And Vernacular Names
      NAMES

  pdf file [353Kb]


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-106928-8

All rights reserved. FAO encourages reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate FAO copyright materials, and all queries concerning rights and licences, should be addressed by e-mail to copyright@fao.org or to the Chief, Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.

 

© FAO 2011