Feasibility of Restocking and Culture-based Fisheries in Central Asia

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 565

Feasibility of restocking and culture-based fisheries
in Central Asia



Andy Thorpe
University of Portsmouth
Portsmouth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

David Whitmarsh
University of Portsmouth
Portsmouth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Ben Drakeford
University of Portsmouth
Portsmouth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Chris Reid
University of Portsmouth
Portsmouth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Bakhtiyor Karimov
Institute of Zoology, Academy of Science
Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Serik Timirkhanov
Kazakh Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries
Almaty, Kazakhstan

Kuanych Satybekov
Consultant
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

and

Raymon van Anrooy
Fishery and Aquaculture Officer
FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia
Ankara, Turkey


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ankara, 2011


ABSTRACT

Thorpe, A.; Whitmarsh, D.; Drakeford, B.; Reid, C.; Karimov, B.; Timirkhanov, S.; Satybekov, K.; & Van Anrooy, R. 2011.
Feasibility of restocking and culture-based fisheries in Central Asia.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 565. Ankara, FAO. 106 pp.

Culture-based fisheries have been successfully developed across the world in order to increase productivity of capture fisheries. Unfortunately, political upheaval, the disruption of historic fish supply chains and limited state budgets combined halted many of the stocking and culture-based fisheries programmes in the Central Asian region during the 1990s. This publication provides an overview of regional waterbodies and historic and contemporary culture-based fisheries and stocking experiences using case studies from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan – with a view to suggesting potential ways in which national governments and the Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission might support the rehabilitation of culture based (and, by extension, capture) fisheries in the region. The conclusions and recommendations made in this document have been presented to and were formally adopted by the Fourth Intergovernmental Meeting on the Establishment of the Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission (Cholpon Ata, Kyrgyzstan, 22–24 June 2011).


CONTENTS

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Abbreviations and acronyms


1.


Introduction


2.


Culture-based fisheries and world inland fisheries and aquaculture production


3.


Environmental, economic and social aspects of culture-based fisheries


4.


Major water bodies in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan and their ecological suitability for culture-based fisheries


5.


Culture-based fisheries in selected Central Asian countries: the historic and contemporary experiences


6.


Conclusions and recommendations


References


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